The Gathering Storm, Redux - Gameplay Thread (End of 1937)
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  The Gathering Storm, Redux - Gameplay Thread (End of 1937)
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Lumine
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« on: July 02, 2022, 12:56:27 AM »
« edited: October 26, 2022, 03:33:04 AM by Lumine »

The Gathering Storm, Redux


The Cast:

German Reich: Chancellor Alfred Hugenberg (RGM2609)
United States of America: President Franklin D. Roosevelt (NewYorkExpress)
Empire of Japan: Emperor Hirohito (Devout Centrist)
British Empire: Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald (S019)
Republic of France: Prime Minister Edouard Daladier (YPestis25)
Soviet Union: General Secretary Josef Stalin (GoTfan)
Kingdom of Italy: Duce Benito Mussolini (KaiserDave)
Republic of China: Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek (Kuumo)
Republic of Turkey: President Mustafa Kemal (OBD)
Dominion of Canada: Prime Minister R. B. Bennett (DKrol)
Czechoslovak Republic: President Tomáš Masaryk (JacksonHitchcock)
Union of South Africa: Prime Minister Jan Smuts (Ishan)
Spanish Republic: President Niceto Alcalá-Zamora (Hijodeagua)
Kingdom of Hungary: Regent Miklós Horthy (AverageFoodEnthusiast)
Kingdom of Yugoslavia: King Alexander I (Mr. X)
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Lumine
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« Reply #1 on: July 02, 2022, 01:00:34 AM »

Turn I: 1933


Economic Performance:
Republic of Turkey: High
Czechoslovak Republic: Moderate
Empire of Japan: Moderate
Soviet Union: Moderate

British Empire: Weak
Spanish Republic: Weak
Republic of France: Weak
Kingdom of Italy: Weak
Kingdom of Hungary: Weak
Republic of China: Weak
Kingdom of Yugoslavia: Weak

German Reich: Very Weak
Dominion of Canada: Very Weak
United States of America: Very Weak

Popularity:
Emperor Hirohito: Very High
President Roosevelt: High
Duce Mussolini: High
President Masaryk: High
President Kemal: High

Regent Horthy: Moderate
Prime Minister Daladier: Moderate
President Alcalá-Zamora: Moderate
Prime Minister MacDonald: Moderate
General Secretary Stalin: Moderate

Chancellor Hugenberg: Low
Prime Minister Bennett: Low
King Alexander: Low
Generalissimo Chiang: Low

Mobilization Level:
Total Mobilization: None
War Mobilization: Republic of China
Partial Mobilization: None
Conscription: Republic of France, Empire of Japan, Soviet Union, Kingdom of Italy, Republic of Turkey, Czechoslovak Republic, Spanish Republic, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Volunteer Army: United States of America, British Empire, Dominion of Canada, Union of South Africa, German Reich (Imposed by Versailles), Kingdom of Hungary (Imposed by Trianon)
Demilitarized: None

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Lumine
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« Reply #2 on: July 02, 2022, 01:08:50 AM »

German Reich:


Chancellor,

Following much intrigue and jockeying behind the scenes by Franz von Papen and the conservative Herrenclub, you’ve been appointed Chancellor by President Hindenburg. Although this represents a major personal triumph after years of political setbacks, it also comes with a major challenge in terms of establishing your authority. On the bright side, you control the largest mass media empire in the Reich, and the previous Prussian coup gives you the status of Reichskommisar of the nation’s largest region. On the other hand, your DNVP barely has 50 seats in the Reichstag, dismissed Chancellor Kurt von Schleicher is likely to resent you for his sudden downfall, and perhaps most important of all, the actions of the Communist KPD and Hitler’s NSDAP make it next to impossible for any government to succeed at establishing control. How will you navigate these troubled waters?

The impact of the so called “Crash” of 1929 has hit the Reich for years without end, causing untold misery and economic strife for millions of Germans. Thus far, policies to battle the current depression have relied on austerity and fiscal responsibility, a course of action that has been only recently challenged by Schleicher after he ordered significant investment on public works projects. The economy is also pressured from demands by the agricultural sector and the landowners – who have a strong influence on Hindenburg -, demanding economic protectionism to protect them from bankruptcy. Which should be the economic strategy to follow to combat the depression? And what should be done about the landowners?

Perhaps one of the most remarkable achievements – if not recognized as such – in German foreign policy has been the suspension and reduction of war reparations owed by the Reich, agreed upon last year at the Lausanne Conference. However, lack of acceptance of the new terms by the US Congress has once again caused speculation on the issue, one of the most unpopular restrictions levied upon Germany by Versailles. Should the debt be renegotiated once again? Perhaps even repudiated?

British Empire:


Prime Minister,

They say that heavy is the head that wears the crown. Since 1931, you’ve led a National Government with the Conservative Party, which upon a historic election victory now enjoys a near unprecedented parliamentary majority. However, the cost of entering a coalition government has caused your own Labour Party to bitterly repudiate you, leaving you with only a small band of followers and MP’s as Stanley Baldwin’s Conservatives control most of the key positions. While they stand behind you as Prime Minister, it is a most difficult situation for a man who led Labour for over ten years. Technically, you have a “National Labour” organization and its 13 MP’s behind you, but it has not yet developed as a political party of its own. Should the present course be maintained to preserve the stability of the National Government? Should National Labour be transformed into something else?

Although not as affected as some of the hardest hit countries, the world-wide economic crises has placed tremendous strain on the British economy, causing previous budget crises, a reduction in trade, and high unemployment in industrial areas. As a response, the government has recently dropped free trade in favor of limited protectionism favoring the Commonwealth, devalued the currency, and committed to fiscal responsibility, but it remains to be seen whether a recovery is coming or not. There have been plans to host an international economic conference in London later this year, in what could be a unique opportunity to plan a collective response to the crisis. On the hand, should the conference go forward and fail, the impact on market confidence could be devastating. What will you do?

Invoking the sheer horror of the Great War and its unmitigated carnage, pacifists have gained remarkable influence and strength in the past few years, leading to significant popular support for various degrees of pacifist policies (ranging from collective security to outright disarmament) and relative hostility to “warmongering” stances. Coupled with the effects of the economic crisis, the calls for reducing defence spending have also increased, even as the government has dropped its “Ten Year Rule” assuming Britain would fight no major wars in the coming decade. How should the issue of defence be handled?

Republic of France:


Prime Minister,

You’ve just recently taken office at the head of a (theoretically) majority coalition, the third premier in only six months since the 1932 General Election. In it, your Radical Socialist Party won a resounding victory alongside the Socialists, but the impossibility to agree to a common program has forced the Radicals to govern instead with centrists, independent leftists and even moderate right-wingers. As a result, and despite having a parliamentary majority, the government remains unstable and prone to sudden changes, a most inauspicious position for a Prime Minister to be in. To make matters worse, the effects of the economic crisis have strengthened political extremists, particularly when it comes to the anti-parliamentary French far-right. Facing such difficult terrain, how will you ensure you last longer in office than your past two colleagues?

Regrettably, the French Republic is among those nations that the economic crisis has hit the hardest, leading to bankruptcy, the collapse of small farmers, and, perhaps most dangerous from the political point of view, mass unemployment. Sadly, fighting the crisis has been made extra difficult due to the enormous French deficit, preventing the government from being able to take much action at a time in which the nation is also heavily in debt with the United States as a result of the Great War. With your own party and most of its allies pushing for fiscal responsibility and austerity – the same policies that prevent an agreement with the Socialists – what direction will you take on the economic front?

After establishing a series of alliances, and undertaking a series of measures to cement French security which recently culminated on a controversial non-aggression pact with the Soviet Union, recent trends raise the question of how France should handle foreign policy. On one side, the elevation of a hardline nationalist as Chancellor raises the question of the Franco-German relationship after a limited and short-lived rapprochement achieved under the moderate Weimar politicians. On the other, the lack of appetite for any potential conflict – or outright pacifism – visible both in France and the UK appear to limit the Republic’s room to maneuver. There’s also the issue of the “Little Entente” in the Balkans, which, while successful thus far under French guidance, may not necessarily last forever. What – if anything at all – should be done about foreign policy?

United States of America


Mr. President,

You’ve taken office after a resounding triumph against the unpopular Herbert Hoover, a landslide victory that comes at one of the most difficult moments ever experienced by America. Thanks to the 1930 and 1932 Elections the Democratic Party enjoys thumping majorities in both the Senate and the House, and your personal mandate gives you relative freedom to act in your first few weeks in office. However, the challenges ahead are enormous. A wide feeling of despair across the nation – beyond scarred after three years of untold suffering – has created intense fear of anarchy, revolution and/or violence in Washington D.C., and it is felt only unprecedented action can stave off disaster. With the public demanding action – of any kind -, how will you handle your first year in office?

It’s a self-evident fact that the number one concern for the public – other than the promised repeal of Prohibition, which falls on you to either drive home or reverse - is the dismal state of the economy, which appears to have reached rock bottom. You have famously promised a “new deal” for the people of America, but the concept itself has been notoriously devoid of details. And although your closest advisers certainly have ideas on what to do, these are not necessarily consensual in nature. Among others, topics such as banking and preventing further bank runs, whether to have a balance budget, how much to intervene the economy, whether to liberalize trade or not, and, of course, whether to abide by the gold standard, will require answers.

Strictly speaking, foreign policy is far from a concern for most Americans, to the point that isolationism appears stronger than ever across the nation. This, in turn, is likely to have consequences on the foreign policy you wish to pursue, whether it is to ride said wave of isolationism or to actively engage with the rest of the world despite the domestic risks. Whatever course you follow, the Pacific and Latin America are likely to be affected the most, with the United States currently occupying Haiti – having done so for the past twenty years, basically controlling the Cuban government, and having just recently promised the Philippines independence within ten years.

Soviet Union


Comrade General Secretary,

After many years of struggles, intrigues and political battles, your personal control over the party appears to be consolidated, at least for the time being. The exiled Trotsky spends his days wandering across Europe in search of sanctuary, and your previous rivals have all been demoted or expelled from the party. As a result, the question now arises as to how lenient or how strict to be with those foes. Bukharin, while still in the party, has been excluded from the party. Kamenev and Zinoviev have been expelled. And those of Trotsky’s followers who have refused to repent remain languishing in exile, unwilling to give up. How should them be treated? Is it time to liberalize, or to sweep aside the remnants of the old Soviet Union?

According to most officials in the party, the Five Year Plan has been a resounding success, drastically increasing the industrial output of the Soviet Union at a time in which the decadent, capitalist West appears doomed to stagnate. On the other hand, the drastic increase of forced collectivization of farms has coincided with a drastic famine all across the Soviet Union – particularly grim and horrifying within the Ukraine -, the recent winter bringing thousands (if not millions) of deaths through starvation. Frustrated party officials blame hoarding peasants for the famine, and, whilst managing to keep the news of the famine hidden from the West thus far, they have advocated both for taking advance of the famine to target “class enemies”, and for harsh measures to keep it contained, including preventing famine refugees from leaving affected areas. How should this crisis be handled?

Although most nations still view the Soviet Union with suspicion, if not with hostility, the days in which the emerging new power was an international pariah are increasingly over. Out of the major world powers, only the United States is yet to recognize the Soviet government, and, while thus far not a member of it, some Soviet diplomats suspect the Soviet Union could very well enter the League of Nations should it wish to make a serious push for it. Still, it is by no means certain that this relative improvement in foreign relationships is to be a permanent one, just as, while recent developments raise the prospect of long-term partnerships with nations such as France, the international situation remains fluid. How will you conduct Soviet foreign policy moving forward?

Kingdom of Italy


Duce,

After endless years of guerrilla warfare and bloodshed, the Libyan territories have finally been pacified thanks to the ceaseless struggle of Field Marshal Badoglio and General Graziani. Omar Mukhtar is dead, and so are his lieutenants. The remnants of his people lie by the thousands in concentration camps across Cyrenaica, their fate yet to be decided upon. With this victory, the Italian colonial empire takes another step towards success. It is now up to you to decide how the Libyan colonies should be administered, what rights – if any – should the local population receive, and, of course, whether to attempt to push for Italian emigration to the region, invoking the relatively successful precedent of Italian Eritrea (in sharp contrast to the under colonized Somaliland).

The widespread collapse of banking as part of the international economic crisis showcases, perhaps, the ultimate folly of capitalism and the free market. At least, that’s your instinct, which appears to be finally proven right. Italy has been hit hard by this depression, crippling the banks, driving businesses to bankruptcy, and posing a major question over Italian economic policy. Whereas a minority would seek the policies of austerity and fiscal responsibility tried elsewhere, other comrades egg you to double down on government intervention of the economy, perhaps going as far as to nationalize most businesses or, at the very least, to place them under state control. And other still pressure you to protect what industry Italy has by driving up tariffs, even at the cost of causing issues with your neighbors. What should be done?

The arrival of a new German government and the recent changes in leadership in Europe and North America bring the issue of foreign policy back into the forefront, opening up some interesting questions about the future. Many wonder whether Italy should rethink its past approach and seek stronger ties with one – or several – of the European powers, or to finally reopen the issue of Versailles and its demeaning treatment of Italy as a formally victorious power. Others, perhaps more imaginative, raise the prospect of previously unthinkable alliances, and even of warfare itself. What should Italy do on the foreign stage?

Empire of Japan


Your Majesty,

Despite the relative consolidation of semi-parliamentary government – if under guidance from the steadily declining Genro – during the past decade, said form of government has been steadily deteriorating under pressure from military officers and extremist groups. This has culminated on the assassination of the Prime Minister himself – the late Inukai - last May, an act which the courts only punished lightly. With his replacement as PM, Admiral Saito, leading a mixed military-civilian cabinet without much effective power, your influence may prove decisive to solve the political deadlock. Should you side with the political parties? With the military, currently divided between hardliners (Kodoha faction) and moderates (Toseiha faction)? Perhaps even consider direct imperial rule?

A year after the sudden invasion of Manchuria on the behalf of the Kwantung Army, organized armed resistance is seemingly over, but there are still major spots of resistance via guerrilla warfare or by pro-Chinese militias, all of which remain loyal to ousted warlord Zhang Xueliang. It is the belief of the Kwantung Army that the best way to crush any remaining resistance and end any support for Zhang would be to march south and invade Rehe, which is currently housing Zhang and his remaining forces. By overrunning the province, they argue, it would be possible to cement Japanese control over Manchuria, increasingly seen within Japan proper as an economic lifeline due to its natural resources. On the other hand, current operations have already earned Japan a stern rebuke from the League of Nations, leading to calls to abandon this organization. Should this operation be authorized?

The islands have been hit yet again by a natural disaster, with the foreseeable consequences for local inhabitants and the economy. The Sanriku earthquake and the subsequent tsunami may have killed as many as 3,000 people, and completely destroyed several towns in the Northeast. And though nowhere near as disastrous as the 1923 calamity, the damage is very much significant and long lasting, particularly to the already limited regional infrastructure. How should the government handle the aftermath of the earthquake?

Republic of China


Generalissimo,

Despite being forced to relinquish the formal leadership over the Nationalist government and only holding on to the title of “Chairman of the Military Affairs Commission”, it is clear to most people that you remain leader of the government, and that your plans for an era of “political tutelage” in order to achieve democracy remain in place. Still, the road to political supremacy remains long and hard. On the home front, you have to contend with Premier Wang Jingwei to your left, an advocate for avoiding conflict with Japan. To your right there’s Hu Hanmin, closely linked to the semi-autonomous warlords in the south, and a strong advocate of expelling the Japanese from China. And outside from the areas under Kuomintang (KMT) dominance, scores of warlords recognize your rule only nominally, and remain an obstacle towards true reunification. How will you handle the political situation?

Five years after launching a surprise attack against the Communists, the struggle between your KMT and the CCP continues unabated, with previous campaigns having been unable to dislodge the Communists from their eastern stronghold at Jiangxi Province (the so-called Jiangxi Soviet). Though there are many reasons for this, it appears evident that the lack of control over the warlord armies and the relative lack of quality and organization of the National Revolutionary Army have been a crucial factor. Despite your distrust of foreign powers, there has been talk of enlisting support from a European power to train the Nationalist armies, although past overtures directed at the Weimar Republic have failed due to their caution. How will you conduct the struggle against the Communists, and will you seek foreign assistance of any kind?

Distracted by the internal struggles, it proved impossible for you to prevent the Japanese from invading and occupying most of Manchuria in order to establish a puppet state, as well as from forcing you to demilitarize the city of Shanghai. And, despite strong and ceaseless complains to the League of Nations, it does not appear like the organization will be able to force the Japanese to withdraw. To make matters worse, the Kwantung Army may not even be satisfied with Manchuria proper, raising the prospect of a campaign down south and of all-out war. Placed at a disadvantage due to the current situation, how should Japan be handled? Should they be confronted once and for all? Should a truce be sought?
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Lumine
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« Reply #3 on: July 02, 2022, 01:15:17 AM »

Republic of Turkey


Your Excellency,

Yen years after taking office as President, the new state of Turkey is almost unrecognizable compared to the old days of the Ottoman Empire. Indeed, you are personally credited with launching a strong agenda of social, economic and political reform, leading to sweeping social changes. Recently the issue of social and national cohesion has gained prominence within the political discourse, with it being argued that Turkey must do more to assimilate minorities and secure the full “Turkification” of the country. As a result, proposals have been raised from the legislature to restrict languages other than Turkish, and to forcibly relocate minorities to Turkish speaking villages to accelerate assimilation. How will you handle this issue?

One of the consequences of the Treaty of Lausanne has been the demilitarization of the Bosporus and the Dardanelles, as well as the obligation to allow for unrestricted naval traffic. A humiliating imposition, the rising tension within the European continent has led military officers to express their concern, suggesting that Turkey must regain sovereign control over the Straits in order to effectively protect itself against any foe. However, barring unilateral action that could cause a crisis, the only way to address the issue would be to renegotiate Lausanne and/or receive the support of the leading European powers, including nations with a strategic interest like the British or the Soviet Union. Will you seek the remilitarization of the Straits and the revision of Lausanne? 

Czechoslovak Republic


Mr. President,

Fifteen years as the first and only President of Czechoslovakia have made you, in many ways, an unofficial father of the new nation. Despite its glaring ethnic imbalances, including the presence of over 3 million Germans and the disparity between Czechs and Slovaks, you have managed to keep the Republic together thus far. Although the Constitution only gives you limited powers, years of service have enabled you to build a large reserve of goodwill and unofficial power, allowing you to wield more power than you technically have. Still, your rapidly advancing age means you must also think about the future. How will you deal with the unfinished cohesion of the Czechoslovak state, and will you seek to expand the powers of Presidency in your final years in office?

Although the Czechoslovak state is not interventionist by nature in foreign policy, an unexpected opportunity has arisen in Latin America. Previously strong ties built with Bolivia have been invoked by La Paz due to their recent invasion of Paraguay – in the so-called “Chaco War” -, which has stalled due to logistical difficulties and poor leadership. With a number of Czechoslovak Great War veterans already serving as advisors in the Bolivian Army, the Bolivian government has requested military assistance and support in its war, which might allow Prague an unusual chance at building up influence outside of Europe.  Will you support Bolivia in any degree, or will Czechoslovakia stay away from the Chaco War?

Spanish Republic


Excelencia,

Though the new Spanish Republic is young, it cannot be denied it has taken decisive steps in a short period of months, to the point in which the memory of the deposed and exiled King is increasingly forgotten and sidelined. As President, and despite your party having only a few seats at the Cortes, you hold significant influence despite not presiding over the government, which is now being tested due to your increasingly strained relationship with Prime Minister Manuel Azaña. Having forced you to sign a number of secularization laws, the initially popular Azaña is starting to lose steam due to political missteps and the highly controversial execution of Anarchist militants at Casas Viejas. As the right-wing opposition calls for Azaña’s dismissal and new elections, can you navigate the political crisis to your own advantage?

As a part of Azaña’s pro-secular and/or anti-clerical legislative agenda, his government and the Cortes has just approved the so-called “Confession and Congregations Law”, which details how the Constitutional articles that harshly limit and regulate the activities of the Catholic Church should be applied. These developments, coupled with previous political and public attacks on the Church, have sparked outrage within pro-religion Spaniards, leading to the creation of several new Catholic political parties and organizations, and even a strongly worded protest by the Pope himself. As the Constitution forces you to sign the bill, this places you in an awkward position due to your known opposition to anti-clericalism. What will you do? Should the bill be signed to cut your losses for now? Should you delay signing until the last possible moment, and/or force the Cortes to vote it again? Or, perhaps, something more dramatic?

Kingdom of Hungary


Regent,

In many ways, the constitutional situation of Hungary is very much ambiguous, an unanswered question that has remained open for the past decade. Despite being the Regent, Hungary has no King since the Hapsburgs were expelled and failed – twice – to regain power. Thus, Hungary is a Kingdom without a King, a situation that has extended far beyond it was intended due to repeated Allied threats to go to war should the Hapsburgs ever be restored, leading to a political deadlock. But after so long, many wonder whether this situation is desirable, particularly as the Hapsburg claimant – Archduke Otto – has finally come of age. Should the present deadlock be maintained and your rule as Regent continue? Or should the possibility of a restoration be explored?

Although Germany is often presented as the victim of Versailles, Hungarians firmly believe they suffered far more as a result of the crushing Treaty of Trianon, which split Hungary across its neighbors and led to well over 70% of the country being separated from its current remnants. Forever unwilling to accept it, calls to revise Trianon and reverse the territorial losses have been constant, but unrealistic thus far. But with recent shifts in foreign policy, nationalist Prime Minister Gyula Gombos wonders if it’s not time to actively pursue the revision of Trianon, enlisting foreign support to correct what the nation considers a terrible injustice. Will you attempt to revise Trianon?

Kingdom of Yugoslavia


Your Majesty,

Over the past few years you have done your best to preserve the unity of your Kingdom by pushing for a strong, centralized government. The bitter opposition of Yugoslavia’s minorities – Croats, Slovenes, Bosnians, Magyars, and so on – has forced you to undertake increasingly harsh measures, including a Royal dictatorship, and recently, the drafting of a new Constitution to establish the Monarch as having executive power. Although the Serbs more or less stand behind you, said minorities have grown bolder and bolder on their demands – all while the Croat Ustashe engages in terrorist activities -, to the point in which Croat leader Vladko Macek has come out to demand immediate federalism for Yugoslavia, threatening to pursue independence if refused. As other ethnic leaders make similar demands, officers wonder whether you’ll negotiate with Macek, or whether royal authority should be reestablished, by force if need be.

The last decade featured a familiar, constant theme in Yugoslav foreign policy, that of France being the country’s main benefactor, and Italy being its biggest foe due to Mussolini’s claims on current Yugoslav territory. Still, there are signs that said dynamics may be changing. For one, French politicians have been increasingly dismayed at the Royal push for a centralized Yugoslavia, fear of losing their support forcing you to enact a new Constitution and reduce some of your powers. For another, the rise of a nationalist government in Germany raises questions as to whether Italy could ever be a partner, if only out of a common foe. On the other hand, Berlin could well be an unexpected ally against the Duce. With the strategic balance hanging on the air, how will you align Yugoslavia?

Dominion of Canada


Prime Minister,

With the economic crisis having already sunk – at least temporarily - your predecessor and rival Mackenzie King three years ago, the economy has very much not improved despite delivering on promises of higher tariffs and higher spending. Even worse, unemployment has skyrocketed to almost 30%, an unsustainable record that has millions of Canadians without the means to survive and wholly dependent on the limited – if at all existing – financial aid coming from the federal government or the provincial administrations. With an election coming in two years, and the Conservative Party divided between non-interventionists who want to stay the course, and interventionists who demand radical action to salvage the economy, the road ahead appears to be very hard indeed. Can you save the Canadian economy, and your government with it?

Union of South Africa


Prime Minister,

One of the biggest disappointments arising from the fallout of the Great War was the refusal of the League of Nations to award German South West Africa to the Union for its formal annexation. Instead, the region was granted only as a temporary mandate, with the implicit goal of having the Union of South Africa to merely administer the vast territory until its inhabitants were ready for self-government and independence. This has proven frustrating, as although the mandate has not prevented South Africa from ruling these territories, it opens the uncomfortable question of having to part from it one day, and lose its vast resources. As talk of revising the post-war settlements emerges in Europe, should South Africa also seek a revision? Should the annexation of South West Africa be sought?
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« Reply #4 on: July 02, 2022, 01:44:23 AM »

President Roosevelt has announced that all banks will be temporarily closed to prevent further runs on the banks. He expects the banks to reopen by Mid-June 1933, following a thorough inspection of all bank finances by the Treasury Department.

He has asked Congress to pass the following legislation at this time:

Legislation to establish the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, to insure all money secured in banks.

Legislation to establish a works program, which will employ any individuals out of work on Government Projects.

Legislation to establish a Federal Minimum Wage, at $1.00 per hour.

Legislation to regulate the stock market

Legislation to provide benefits (food stamps) for the poor, and retirement income for the elderly.

Legislation to legalize collective bargaining between employees and employers.
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« Reply #5 on: July 02, 2022, 02:02:57 AM »

President Roosevelt announced that United States troops would be withdrawn from Haiti, effective as of July 31, 1933.

President Roosevelt has also announced his intention to enter into negotiations with Fillipino leaders about Independence in exchange for naval and air bases on Luzon.
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« Reply #6 on: July 02, 2022, 01:52:16 PM »

President Roosevelt met with Italian Secretary of State for Air Italo Babo and presented him with the Distinguished Flying Cross.
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« Reply #7 on: July 02, 2022, 06:30:12 PM »

The Soviet Union deplres the actions of the United States President in presenting an award to a member of the reactionary Fascist government in Italy. Mussolini and his Italian Fascist Party will bring ruin to the people of his nation.

It is not surprising though. When faced with a choice, capitalists will always choose fascism before socialsim.
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« Reply #8 on: July 02, 2022, 06:41:42 PM »

Mr. Stalin, we did not award Italo Babo the Distinguished Flying Cross based on a membership in a fascist government. We awarded Mr. Babo this award based on his services to aviation. If the Soviet Union has any pilots that we deem worthy of such an award, we would confer that award on them too.     
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« Reply #9 on: July 02, 2022, 06:51:21 PM »
« Edited: July 02, 2022, 06:54:44 PM by Devout Centrist »

Quote
Telegram to Washington, DC

Date: March 5th, 1933

His Imperial Majesty wishes to extend his most sincere congratulations to President Franklin Roosevelt on his inauguration this past Saturday. It is His Majesty's hope that the United States and the Empire of Japan may grow closer during this time of global economic and political strife. His Majesty sends his best wishes to the President, the First Lady, and the American people.
 
This telegram bears the Grand Seal of the Empire, affixed at the Imperial Palace, Tokyo, this fifth day of the 3rd month of the 8th year of Shōwa, corresponding to the 2,593rd year from the accession to the throne of Emperor Jimmu.

Emperor Shōwa
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« Reply #10 on: July 02, 2022, 09:59:54 PM »

Quote
Franco-Japanese Trade Treaty

With the power vested in our duly appointed representatives, the French Republic and the Empire of Japan agree to the following:

Trade

A. The Empire of Japan shall lower tariffs on the following imports sourced from the French Republic:

1. To zero base percentage points, processed and cleaned coal.
2. To three base percentage points, electronic components, miscellaneous
3. To zero base percentage points, manufactured aircraft components
4. To five base percentage points, electronic components, radio or automotive
5. To zero base percentage points, whole cow and goat cheese
6. To five base percentage points, all other animal products
7. To zero base percentage points, grapes and fermented grape products, including wine and champagne.
8. To zero base percentage points, all unprocessed metal ores.
9. To zero base percentage points, pig iron ingots.
10. To zero base percentage points, finished steel, bessemer process or otherwise
11. To zero base percentage points, mechanical and machine parts for use in the production of manufactured goods.
12. To zero base percentage points, vulcanized rubber
13. To zero base percentage points, tree saps and other plant extracts
14. To zero base percentage points, Madagascar vanilla

B. The French Republic shall lower tariffs on the following imports sourced from the Empire of Japan:

1. To zero base percentage points, rice.
2. To zero base percentage points, barley, millet, and sorghum.
3. To five base percentage points, all other whole corn or grain
4. To zero base percentage points, fish and marine animal products
5. To five base percentage points, milled flour.
6. To five base percentage points, baked or preserved foodstuffs, including bread, hardtack, and biscuits.
7. To zero base percentage points, soybeans and oilseed.
8. To zero base percentage points, processed textiles of cotton and silk.
9. To zero base percentage points, teas.
10. To zero base percentage points, porcelain and ceramics.
11. To five base percentage points, finished steel.
12. To zero base percentage points, all other clothing and fitted goods.
13. To five base percentage points, electronic and manufacturing components, miscellaneous
14. To five base percentage points, all unprocessed metal ores.

C. The French Republic and the Empire of Japan agree to share technical expertise through mutual industrial assistance and collaboration.

D. The French Republic and the Empire of Japan agree to coordinate on the construction of infrastructure designed to facilitate trade and economic cooperation.

E. This agreement shall be retroactively effective as of February 1, 1933.
X Harukazu Nagaoka, Japanese Ambassador to the French Republic and duly appointed representative of the Empire of Japan
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« Reply #11 on: July 02, 2022, 10:18:19 PM »

President Roosevelt has formally requested that Congress earmark $25 million in foreign aid to Yugoslavia, as well as $5 million in earthquake relief for Japan.
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« Reply #12 on: July 02, 2022, 11:12:19 PM »

Quote
Franco-Japanese Trade Treaty

With the power vested in our duly appointed representatives, the French Republic and the Empire of Japan agree to the following:

Trade

A. The Empire of Japan shall lower tariffs on the following imports sourced from the French Republic:

1. To zero base percentage points, processed and cleaned coal.
2. To three base percentage points, electronic components, miscellaneous
3. To zero base percentage points, manufactured aircraft components
4. To five base percentage points, electronic components, radio or automotive
5. To zero base percentage points, whole cow and goat cheese
6. To five base percentage points, all other animal products
7. To zero base percentage points, grapes and fermented grape products, including wine and champagne.
8. To zero base percentage points, all unprocessed metal ores.
9. To zero base percentage points, pig iron ingots.
10. To zero base percentage points, finished steel, bessemer process or otherwise
11. To zero base percentage points, mechanical and machine parts for use in the production of manufactured goods.
12. To zero base percentage points, vulcanized rubber
13. To zero base percentage points, tree saps and other plant extracts
14. To zero base percentage points, Madagascar vanilla

B. The French Republic shall lower tariffs on the following imports sourced from the Empire of Japan:

1. To zero base percentage points, rice.
2. To zero base percentage points, barley, millet, and sorghum.
3. To five base percentage points, all other whole corn or grain
4. To zero base percentage points, fish and marine animal products
5. To five base percentage points, milled flour.
6. To five base percentage points, baked or preserved foodstuffs, including bread, hardtack, and biscuits.
7. To zero base percentage points, soybeans and oilseed.
8. To zero base percentage points, processed textiles of cotton and silk.
9. To zero base percentage points, teas.
10. To zero base percentage points, porcelain and ceramics.
11. To five base percentage points, finished steel.
12. To zero base percentage points, all other clothing and fitted goods.
13. To five base percentage points, electronic and manufacturing components, miscellaneous
14. To five base percentage points, all unprocessed metal ores.

C. The French Republic and the Empire of Japan agree to share technical expertise through mutual industrial assistance and collaboration.

D. The French Republic and the Empire of Japan agree to coordinate on the construction of infrastructure designed to facilitate trade and economic cooperation.

E. This agreement shall be retroactively effective as of February 1, 1933.
X Harukazu Nagaoka, Japanese Ambassador to the French Republic and duly appointed representative of the Empire of Japan
X Edouard Daladier, Prime Minister
X Joseph Paul-Boncour, Foreign Minister
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« Reply #13 on: July 02, 2022, 11:25:22 PM »

Quote
Italo-Japanese Trade Treaty

With the power vested in our duly appointed representatives, the Kingdom of Italy and the Empire of Japan agree to the following:

Trade

A. The Empire of Japan shall lower tariffs on the following imports sourced from the Kingdom of Italy:

1. To zero base percentage points, processed and cleaned coal.
2. To three base percentage points, electronic components, miscellaneous
3. To zero base percentage points, manufactured aircraft components
4. To five base percentage points, electronic components, radio or automotive
5. To zero base percentage points, whole cow and goat cheese, including parmesan, mozzarella, and pecorino romano
6. To five base percentage points, all other animal products
7. To zero base percentage points, grapes and fermented grape products, including wine and champagne.
8. To zero base percentage points, all unprocessed metal ores.
9. To zero base percentage points, pig iron ingots.
10. To zero base percentage points, finished steel, bessemer process or otherwise
11. To zero base percentage points, mechanical and machine parts for use in the production of manufactured goods.
12. To zero base percentage points, processed aluminium
13. To zero base percentage points, durum semolina flour and other wheat based products

B. The Kingdom of Italy shall lower tariffs on the following imports sourced from the Empire of Japan:

1. To zero base percentage points, rice.
2. To zero base percentage points, barley, millet, and sorghum.
3. To five base percentage points, all other whole corn or grain
4. To zero base percentage points, fish and marine animal products
5. To five base percentage points, milled flour.
6. To five base percentage points, baked or preserved foodstuffs, including bread, hardtack, and biscuits.
7. To zero base percentage points, soybeans and oilseed.
8. To zero base percentage points, processed textiles of cotton and silk.
9. To zero base percentage points, teas.
10. To zero base percentage points, porcelain and ceramics.
11. To five base percentage points, finished steel.
12. To zero base percentage points, all other clothing and fitted goods.
13. To five base percentage points, electronic and manufacturing components, miscellaneous
14. To five base percentage points, all unprocessed metal ores.

C. The Kingdom of Italy and the Empire of Japan agree to share technical expertise through mutual industrial assistance and collaboration.

D. The Kingdom of Italy and the Empire of Japan agree to coordinate on the construction of infrastructure designed to facilitate trade and economic cooperation.

E. This agreement shall be retroactively effective as of February 1, 1933.
X Shigeru Yoshida, Japanese Ambassador to the Kingdom of Italy, duly appointed representative of the Empire of Japan
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« Reply #14 on: July 03, 2022, 09:41:42 AM »
« Edited: July 03, 2022, 02:36:21 PM by KaiserDave »

Quote
Italo-Japanese Trade Treaty

With the power vested in our duly appointed representatives, the Kingdom of Italy and the Empire of Japan agree to the following:

Trade

A. The Empire of Japan shall lower tariffs on the following imports sourced from the Kingdom of Italy:

1. To zero base percentage points, processed and cleaned coal.
2. To three base percentage points, electronic components, miscellaneous
3. To zero base percentage points, manufactured aircraft components
4. To five base percentage points, electronic components, radio or automotive
5. To zero base percentage points, whole cow and goat cheese, including parmesan, mozzarella, and pecorino romano
6. To five base percentage points, all other animal products
7. To zero base percentage points, grapes and fermented grape products, including wine and champagne.
8. To zero base percentage points, all unprocessed metal ores.
9. To zero base percentage points, pig iron ingots.
10. To zero base percentage points, finished steel, bessemer process or otherwise
11. To zero base percentage points, mechanical and machine parts for use in the production of manufactured goods.
12. To zero base percentage points, processed aluminium
13. To zero base percentage points, durum semolina flour and other wheat based products

B. The Kingdom of Italy shall lower tariffs on the following imports sourced from the Empire of Japan:

1. To zero base percentage points, rice.
2. To zero base percentage points, barley, millet, and sorghum.
3. To five base percentage points, all other whole corn or grain
4. To zero base percentage points, fish and marine animal products
5. To five base percentage points, milled flour.
6. To five base percentage points, baked or preserved foodstuffs, including bread, hardtack, and biscuits.
7. To zero base percentage points, soybeans and oilseed.
8. To zero base percentage points, processed textiles of cotton and silk.
9. To zero base percentage points, teas.
10. To zero base percentage points, porcelain and ceramics.
11. To five base percentage points, finished steel.
12. To zero base percentage points, all other clothing and fitted goods.
13. To five base percentage points, electronic and manufacturing components, miscellaneous
14. To five base percentage points, all unprocessed metal ores.

C. The Kingdom of Italy and the Empire of Japan agree to share technical expertise through mutual industrial assistance and collaboration.

D. The Kingdom of Italy and the Empire of Japan agree to coordinate on the construction of infrastructure designed to facilitate trade and economic cooperation.

E. This agreement shall be retroactively effective as of February 1, 1933.
X Shigeru Yoshida, Japanese Ambassador to the Kingdom of Italy, duly appointed representative of the Empire of Japan

Prime Minister, Foreign Minister, Duce of Fascism, Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini

On Behalf Of


His Majesty Victor Emmanuelle III, by the Grace of God and the will of the Nation, King of Italy

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« Reply #15 on: July 03, 2022, 09:42:37 AM »
« Edited: July 03, 2022, 11:43:50 AM by KaiserDave »



IL DUCE SPEAKS ON OUR ECONOMIC STRUGGLE



Given over the Radio, with key points printed onto propaganda posters and distributed nationwide

Men and women of Italy!

Today, we are witnessing across the world the simultaneous, and spectacular failure of the policy of individualism. The economics of selfish, decadent, plutocratic liberalism has finally been revealed to be a total farce. Those who have for years claimed to be the elite class of international expertise, and of international commerce have been entirely exposed. All across the world, the banks are failing, the businesses are collapsing, the jobless are innumerable, and the people suffer. And the liberal and reactionary governments are incapable of responding, their feeble and weak notions of government and economy leave them weak. They are run by the corrupt, the stupid, the frail, and the mundane.

But the Italy of Fascism is STRONG. We are capable of responding to any challenge, this is because we rejected the impotent facile economics of individualism or class struggle. Only fascism is capable of serving the needs of the NATION above all, only I, your Duce, am capable. Nobody can deny that the effects of the global economic disaster have effected Italy. There are the problems of unemployment, of prices, and of financial chaos. But worry not, the Italy of Fascism is totally invincible. Never forget that we are the supreme people who produced Caesar and Virgil while the so-called elite Britons and Gauls were living in shacks of mud and thatch.

I have spoken to Minister Guido Jung, responsible for the economic situation, and I have presented my agenda to the Grand Council of Fascism. This government will embark on a bold, revolutionary, ambitious program of spending. Millions of Lira for the employment of those without work, millions for the stabilization of pensions for the elderly, millions for youth programs to train our boys for combat and for service and women for the duties of femininity. Millions of Lira for the development of new mines, and industrial works in the south. Major industrial works and banks will be brought under state control to preserve their integrity and ability to function. The uniform wage will be raised. We will utilize the great resources of our state to prioritize the commerce of Italians over the commerce of the foreigner. The state will reimburse those who have lost their savings in bank runs. There will be a stern crackdown on those vile Marxian saboteurs who seek to turn the laborers against the nation, the trade unions. Yet we will also not fall for the false song of liberalism, putting our whole faith in the machinations of the "free market." We can only put our faith in the nation, in fascism, in Duce, and the King.

This is the power of fascism, it dispenses with the dead ideologies of liberalism, class struggle, and reaction. Fascism brings about the collaboration of all people for the power of the nation, which is totally absolute. Therefore only fascism can successfully confront the current economic crisis. The Italy of Fascism WILL be prosperous, and WILL be rise above these temporary difficulties in a way no other nation can.    




The Flight of Italo Balbo

Marshal Italo Balbo, Quadrumviri del Fascismo has etched himself into history as a great aviator of our times. He has already led Transatlantic Flights before, but now he has gone above and beyond. Balbo has lead an Italian delegation to the United States from the air, with 24 seaplanes to Chicago and New York. The Decennial Air Cruise was welcomed enthusiastically in the nations of Europe before reaching the United States. The delegation visited the World's Fair in Chicago, and presented numerous gifts to the American people, and received a reception in a parade through Manhattan, and in a speech at New York City's Madison Square Garden Balbo declared to Italian-Americans, "Be proud you are Italians. Mussolini has ended the era of humiliations." Balbo received the Distinguished Flying Cross from the American President Roosevelt, and was honored by the Sioux people with the title of "Chief Flying Eagle." The trip has been a smashing success, and upon his return, Balbo has been named Marshal of the Air Force. Many have noted the increasing influence of Balbo, on foreign and domestic policy, and as Il Duce's top lieutenant.





Il Duce in Vienna with the Chancellor Dollfuß

Il Duce embarked on a State Visit to Vienna, accompanied by Rachele Mussolini, Arturo Bocchini, Luigi Federzoni, Dino Grandi, among other dignitaries. He was received in Vienna, which he reached by train, by an honorable delegation of the Austrian Republic led by Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuß. Mussolini joined hands with the Austrian leader, and pledging "all the swords of Italy to the defense of the independence of Austria, and this supremely brilliant individual, the great Dollfuß who has liberated Austria from red tyranny and centuries of servitude." Duce toured Vienna in an open top car with the Chancellor, and visited many famous sites including Schönbrunn Palace, St. Stephen's Cathedral, and the Vienna Opera House.

Duce cleared that the ideals of the Austrian Chancellor and himself were quite similar, seeking to "extoll the glory of the national homeland" and "defend the Catholic, traditional, nationalist, character of the country against liberalism, Marxism, and anarchy." Il Duce praised the governing policy of the Christian Social Party, which he compared very favorably to Fascism, saying that they were very much alike at that the party has "correctly identified the way to run the Austrian nation economically, morally, and socially."

Il Duce and the Austrian Chancellor further signed a Memorandum on Friendship and Cooperation at the Hofburg in the presence and with the support of President Wilhelm Miklas. The Treaty inked the new brotherhood of the Italian and Austrian people, pledged cooperation in various areas, and most importantly, it declared that the Kingdom of Italy will always defend Austria's independence. Il Duce said to the press that "today we have cast in stone, for all time, that Austria is a distinct, proud nation. It will not submit to the demands of that Lutheran, Prussian expansion regime. Austria is for Austrians. Italy will defend her. Fascist Italy stands by her friends to the last man, and so we shall with Austria."





All Images Wikimedia Commons
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« Reply #16 on: July 03, 2022, 11:06:35 AM »

Reaffirmation of the Little Entente and the Declaration of the Pact of Organization
Source: Wikimedia Commons
Quote
Czechoslovakia, Romania and Yugoslavia, with the support of their fraternal partner the French Republic, today reaffirm their commitment to, and membership in, the “Little Entente.” The members reaffirm their adherence to the tripartite treaty of alliance signed at Strbske Pleso in 1930 and the French Republic reaffirms its treaties of alliance and friendship signed with all three members.

Recognizing the benefit of mutual cooperation, formal instruments of collaboration shall be formed in the coming year, including:

-The Permanent Council, to consist of the ministers of foreign affairs of the three respective countries or of the special delegates appointed for that purpose. Decisions of the council are to be brought unanimously. The council is designed to meet at least three times per year. The meetings are to be held in each of the member states and in Geneva during the session of the League of Nations.

-The Secretariat of the Permanent Council, to perform the day-to-day routine operations of the Little Entente. In addition, a certain section of the secretariat to function permanently in the seat of the League of Nations.

-The Economic Council, by which the member states declared their will to co-ordinate its economic interests as well.

In addition, recognizing the importance of peace and security in Southern Europe, an invitation to the Little Entente shall be formally extended to the Kingdom of Greece.

X Edouard Daladier, Prime Minister
X Joseph Paul-Boncour, Foreign Minister

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« Reply #17 on: July 03, 2022, 04:03:49 PM »
« Edited: July 04, 2022, 11:08:47 AM by Devout Centrist »

Imperial Rescript to the Soldiers and Sailors (1933)

Credit to HipStamp.com
Quote
Soldiers and Sailors, I address you today as your Emperor and your Commander-in-Chief. With this letter, I wish to express my pride for your dedication and service to the Empire.  Additionally, I aim to add new instruction and wisdom that will guide you during your mission, whether at home or abroad. In times of joy, we shall share the fruits of victory in co-equal harmony; in times of sorrow, we shall share responsibility for defeat without accusations or acrimony. You have my full faith in your ability and your dedication to serve our Empire.  With that in mind, let me begin:

1. Loyalty remains a paramount virtue among soldiers and sailors. This includes loyalty to the Kokutai, loyalty to the nation, and loyalty to the Chrysanthemum Throne. In this respect, I am very pleased with the dedication of servicemembers to the virtue of loyalty. You have shown utmost loyalty to our Empire and to your commission as soldiers and sailors of the Emperor.

At this time, I must issue additional instructions to you soldiers and sailors on this virtue: it is explicitly against the will of the Chrysanthemum Throne that any extra-legal order, incident, or other action be taken against a foreign administration or against the Constitution of Japan without direct approval from the Throne or from the Prime Minister. The Throne will not tolerate political activity taken on behalf of the General Staff or the Officer Corps without prior approval from either the Prime Minister or under direct order from the Emperor himself. The realm of politics is firmly occupied by the Government of HRM. It is the Throne’s prerogative to intervene in the affairs of state when necessary, and only then under extraordinary circumstances. Soldiers and sailors must not undercut their loyalty to the Kokutai through dishonorable action in the political arena.

2. Respect ought to be shown to superiors. As your Commander-in-Chief, I am greatly pleased with the respect shown by you soldiers and sailors for your commanding officers. You have followed their orders honorably and without rancor. For this, you have much to take pride in.

In this regard, I have additional instructions for officers and the General Staff: it is the will of the Chrysanthemum Throne that you treat your subordinates with respect and with appropriate dignity in recognition of their service. Reprimand those who are deserving. Show patience and virtue when guiding those under your command, in much the same fashion as a father shows patience to his children. It is paramount to avoid recrimination and punitive measures wherever possible. It is my fear that a culture of grievance builds in the absence of proper respect and patience for our soldiers and sailors. It is critical for such squabbles to be avoided.
 
3. True valor comes from integrity and dedication to duty; I commend you soldiers and sailors for performing admirably in all your activities. The day-to-day drudgery and toil is valor all its own, and I call on the current government to recognize your valiant service through better merit opportunities and better compensation. Additionally, I ask that commanding officers respect the dignity of work that comes with Imperial service, and provide mentorship to those soldiers and sailors who have just begun service to the Empire.

In these words, I hope you soldiers and sailors find guidance and counsel. You represent the very best of our warrior tradition and you are heirs to a prestigious lineage that has existed in our lands since time immemorial. I have complete confidence in your mission and in your ability to protect our Empire. You are, in every respect, equal and beloved sons of the Emperor. Execute your duty to our nation faithfully and honorably.

This rescript bears the Grand Seal of the Empire, affixed at the Imperial Palace, Tokyo, this twenty-third day of the 3rd month of the 8th year of Shōwa, corresponding to the 2,593rd year from the accession to the throne of Emperor Jimmu.

Emperor Shōwa
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« Reply #18 on: July 03, 2022, 09:45:48 PM »

Reaffirmation of the Little Entente and the Declaration of the Pact of Organization
Source: Wikimedia Commons
Quote
Czechoslovakia, Romania and Yugoslavia, with the support of their fraternal partner the French Republic, today reaffirm their commitment to, and membership in, the “Little Entente.” The members reaffirm their adherence to the tripartite treaty of alliance signed at Strbske Pleso in 1930 and the French Republic reaffirms its treaties of alliance and friendship signed with all three members.

Recognizing the benefit of mutual cooperation, formal instruments of collaboration shall be formed in the coming year, including:

-The Permanent Council, to consist of the ministers of foreign affairs of the three respective countries or of the special delegates appointed for that purpose. Decisions of the council are to be brought unanimously. The council is designed to meet at least three times per year. The meetings are to be held in each of the member states and in Geneva during the session of the League of Nations.

-The Secretariat of the Permanent Council, to perform the day-to-day routine operations of the Little Entente. In addition, a certain section of the secretariat to function permanently in the seat of the League of Nations.

-The Economic Council, by which the member states declared their will to co-ordinate its economic interests as well.

In addition, recognizing the importance of peace and security in Southern Europe, an invitation to the Little Entente shall be formally extended to the Kingdom of Greece.

X Edouard Daladier, Prime Minister
X Joseph Paul-Boncour, Foreign Minister



X King Alexander I, King of Yugoslavia
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« Reply #19 on: July 04, 2022, 02:05:42 PM »


CRISIS

Political strife in Germany
Paramilitaries smashed, Reichstag passes VONC on Hugenberg

FOR: GERMAN REICH

Newly appointed Chancellor Alfred Hugenberg wasted little time in trying to address the political deadlock that continues to paralyze the German Reich, forming a minority government - after extensive talks - with parliamentary support from the DNVP and the DVP (with 62 out of 584 seats in the Reichstag), in which new Vice Chancellor and Prussian Reichskommissar Franz von Papen and the retained Reichswehr Minister Werner von Blomberg appeared to fill crucial roles. Determined to re-establish order in the streets, Chancellor Hugenberg decreed a full ban on all paramilitary organizations within the Reich, whilst also ordering a crackdown in order to disarm and/or arrest their members.

In this, the Chancellor received full support from President Hindenburg and the active assistance of the Reichswehr, which alongside the police forces moved against the now recently banned SA and Reichsbanner - as well as the Red Front, which had been formally banned back in 1929 -, with only Der Stahlhelm spared as an unofficial pro-government militia. Street battles immediately flared up across Germany as combinations of government units took on the paramilitaries. Despite their numerical superiority, an unwillingness between the rival fronts to collaborate has made resistance to the government difficult, particularly due to its firm control over the Prussian police. Despite some reluctance in enforcing the ban in behalf of some of the Länder, the Bavarian government enthusiastically embraced the crackdown, placing emphasis on bringing the SA under control.

After a few days of infighting, and despite the climate of violence, the government appears to be prevailing for the most part due to superior resources, the three targeted paramilitaries being under heavy pressure - and, in the Reichsbanner's case, actively retreating instead of doubling down -. Political reactions have been immediate, with the SPD accusing Hugenberg of planning a dictatorship and an irate Adolf Hitler accusing the Hugenberg cabinet of being "run by Jews". As a result, a Vote of No Confidence was put before the Reichstag, with the following results:

VOTE OF NO CONFIDENCE ON CHANCELLOR HUGENBERG

YES: 379
NO: 76
ABSTAIN: 119

Despite unexpected abstentions from the Zentrum, BVP and other minor parties - signalling an apparent willingness to work with the Chancellor - as well as by a handful of NSDAP rebels, the SPD, KPD and NSDAP commanded an unassailable majority, a repeat of the successful VONC against Von Papen back in September 1932. Thus, the Reichstag has chosen to throw down the gauntlet at Hugenberg, leaving him - as well as other interested parties - with a crucial decision. Should the Reichstag be dissolved and new elections called? Or, perhaps, more drastic measures should be enacted?
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« Reply #20 on: July 05, 2022, 12:42:03 AM »

The Reactionary Hugenberg has fallen victim to his own hubris!
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« Reply #21 on: July 05, 2022, 10:36:46 AM »
« Edited: July 09, 2022, 12:54:36 AM by single issue pro-space exploration voter »


OFFICIAL MESSAGE FROM BUDAPEST

Quote
His Serene Highness and Regent of the Kingdom of Hungary, Miklós Horthy, denounces the recent provocations by the French!


Quote
"My fellow proud and God-fearing countrymen. Ever since the shameful butchering of the old Austro-Hungarian Empire by the Western powers and their dogs in the Great War, Hungary, and the Hungarian people have been humiliated and spit upon in the subsequent aftermath. Yet, despite this grave injustice and subsequent belittling of our nation in the years following, this hasn't stopped the French and their like-minded puppets from seeking to enshackle us further. During the Great War, the American President, Wilson, had laid out his 14 Points in determining the post-war order. A point of his stands out amongst the rest of them, Point 10, in which he proclaims, 'The people of Austria-Hungary, whose place among the nations we wish to see safeguarded and assured, should be accorded the freest opportunity to autonomous development.' Surely this principle applies equally to the Hungarian people like the Czech and Slovaks, right? Then why must the hypocrites in Paris deny us these same rights and benefits? It is complete and utter nonsense. Only the Hungarian people shall determine the fate of the Hungarian nation. And likewise, the Hungarian nation will see that all Hungarians, wherever they are, are to rejoice under the banner of their state. Thank you, and may the Lord bless Hungary forever more."

X His Serene Highness and Regent of Hungary, Miklós Horthy
X Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Hungary, Gyula Gömbös
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« Reply #22 on: July 06, 2022, 12:01:21 AM »

National Radio Broadcast on the Emperor’s Birthday (April 29, 1933)
Distributed via Tokyo Broadcasting Station (TBS) and made available for broadcast internationally

Credit to Japan-Experience.com
Quote
Loyal citizens and subjects, to all listeners at home and abroad:

It is my great privilege to address you on the eve of the 8th Tenchōsetsu of the Shōwa era. With today’s message, I wish to extend a message of gratitude and pride to the entire Imperial family of the Dai Nippon Teikoku.

The changing nature of the modern world has brought us many wondrous inventions that can be used to bring the people and their sovereign closer together. In the past, the institution of the Emperor was kept secluded from his Imperial subjects. Such a division was thought to strengthen the dignity and stature of the Imperial Kokutai. These sentiments were once true, during the time when it was not possible for the Emperor to address the entire nation at once. In the modern age, however, it is possible for the voice of the Throne to reach across the sea and speak directly to all citizens and subjects of the Empire. With this speech today, I hope to begin a new tradition–an annual speech from the Emperor to his loyal subjects on the eve of the Tenchōsetsu.

(in English)

To our international guests, brothers and sisters, I welcome you to this address tonight. It is my hope that the people of all nations may listen to this broadcast and may engage together with the people of Japan in joyous celebration on this great occasion. I wish you a bounty of blessings this year, and a prosperity of hope during this time of global austerity.

(in Japanese)

Now I turn my address back to my Imperial subjects. Many of you have endured much austerity and deprivation during these past few years. We owe much to you for your shared sacrifice in support of our Imperial Brotherhood. I can report to you today that we are seeing the coming of better tides; already our subjects are benefitting from budding prosperity, buoyed by a rising sun of good fortune across our Empire. I have every confidence that this year will bear witness to a new blossoming of harmonious peace for our nation.

For you, my subjects, I ask that you exercise patience and good judgment this year. Stability is the fountainhead of many good graces, and it is my solemn desire that we may work together to strengthen our Empire’s future. This is only possible through the cooperation and approval of our Imperial subjects. In this manner, we may all share in the co-equal blessings of peace and tranquility.

Together, as one Empire, we confront the promise and challenges of the modern age. It is a duty that every citizen and subject of Dai Nippon Teikoku shall strive to meet.

The Imperial family wishes you all a joyous celebration today.

With heavenly tranquility,

Emperor Shōwa
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GoTfan
GoTfan21
Junior Chimp
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« Reply #23 on: July 07, 2022, 02:55:02 AM »



Stalin speaks to the world

"In 1932, we as a nation signed multiple agreements of non-aggression. These agreements were signed with the governments of the Republic of Poland, Republic of Lithuania, Republic of Finland, and the Republic of Estonia.

There are some who would say that these agreements conceal the true intentions of out nation. I wish to dash these rumours. The Soviet Union is not intent on expanding its borders, and is committed absolutely to these non-aggression agreements, and to peace and prosperity in the world."
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Lumine
LumineVonReuental
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« Reply #24 on: July 07, 2022, 05:15:22 PM »
« Edited: July 07, 2022, 05:23:33 PM by Lumine »

MID YEAR NEWS - with Radio Crusader


"Political tension within the German Reich rises, as the opposition controlled Reichstag - led by the NSDAP, SPD and KPD - now vow to immediately reject any emergency decrees issued by the Hugenberg government via invoking Article 48..."

"Despite the successful passage of landmark pieces of legislation as part of the "New Deal", the United States is reeling hard after a two-month bank closing, which had drastic effects on the public. After nationwide inspections, the recent re-openings have seen Americans rushing to withdraw funds, and a general unwillingness to deposit what was previously withdrawn in previous bank runs..."

"Following a heated parliamentary session in Vienna, Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss - bolstered by a recent state visit by Benito Mussolini - has stunned observers by indefinitely suspending Parliament and starting rule by decree, a move which the opposition has criticized as the start of a personal dictatorship..."

"Central-European capitals in a state of alert after a recent address by Hungarian Regent Horthy, which denounced the French Republic and the previous territorial dismemberment of the Kingdom of Hungary. Thousands have taken to the streets in Budapest to cheer on Horthy, whilst the Kingdom of Romania has already lodged an immediate protest..."

"A sudden political intervention by Emperor Hirohito in the form of a new Imperial Rescript has caused a notorious stir within the Japanese Empire, with unconfirmed reports of significant discontent within the military establishment..."

"Amidst grumblings by isolationist Democrats, the US Congress narrowly approves a foreign aid package for Yugoslavia, earthquake aid to Japan passes by a more significant margin. Senator William Borah (R-ID), criticized the move, questioning the wisdom of such foreign expenditures at a time of great hardship..."
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