Southeast Pacifica
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Author Topic: Southeast Pacifica  (Read 81 times)
Sol
Junior Chimp
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Bosnia and Herzegovina


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« on: February 23, 2024, 01:14:37 PM »
« edited: February 23, 2024, 01:22:34 PM by Sol »

Pacifica is probably my most detailed fictional location Ė a continent a little smaller than South America, located in the North Pacific.

For the purposes of this thread, Iím focusing on the region of Southeast Pacifica, which is the best developed area; Iíve been working on it since 2010 off and on. It was originally intended to be an exploration of civil wars, politics, and interstate conflict, and Iíve been able to build on that over the years in what's hopefully an interesting way. Since this is something Iíve been working on for ages, I fear I may have trouble explaining itĖso please ask for clarification!

The region is fairly self-contained; itís separated from areas to the north by mountains, deserts, and diverging climates, so much its history has been pretty distinct from the (less well-developed) other areas of Pacifica, which allows me to cover it separately. There are a few relevant points where I'll discuss Pacifican history outside of this region, mainly around religion and the history of trade.

Here is the map of Southeast Pacifica, with each country colored and labelled. Iíve also included areas under dispute, which Iíll discuss later.



But first, hereís a rough climatic and topographic map, with rivers added Ė the other one is for context. Southeast Pacific is at about the same latitude as India and is about the same size, though a good bit narrower E-W.



Red indicates deserts, orange semi-arid areas. Light green is subtropical lowland areas (similar to the Southeast U.S.) and the darker green is subtropical highland areas (like the highlands of Yunnan, or the highlands of Eastern South Africa). Purple is highland areas with a more temperate climate, while gray are the chilliest and highest mountains. Light blue is tropical savannah; medium blue is a tropical monsoon climate, and dark blue is tropical rainforest. My apologies for any climatological errors!

The mountains in the west are the relatively low-lying Facoy Mountains, which are similar topographically to the Appalachians or Urals; theyíre ancient and heavily eroded. The nearby Ayarese hills are topographically related. The eastern mountains are the Cercana Mountains, which are quite new, high, and volcanic, formed by subduction of an offshore plate. Between the two is a large basin, which despite its arid climate has long supported a large population along the Hapola River, which runs through Semerli, Kimonle (along the disputed border with East Inkapia), West Inkapia, another disputed border between Kimonle and Hayaka, and finally into unambiguous Hayaka. Outside of the rivers, the area is sparsely populated, and was historically a haven for pastoralists, especially in the north.

The defining feature of the climate for much of this area is the seasonal monsoon, which blows in every summer. Due to the shape of the mountain ranges, the monsoon can travel far inland, inundating areas which are far inland, like West Inkapia. If it fails or is weaker than usual, itís a big problem. The monsoon heavily affects everything west of the Cercana range, as well as the south coast of Hayaka, which, since itís already quite wet in climate, is one of the wettest places on Earth.
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Sol
Junior Chimp
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« Reply #1 on: February 23, 2024, 01:20:03 PM »

Kimonle is a country of around 65 million people. It was granted independence from France in the mid Ď50s. It's officially a Democratic Federal Republic, but in practice it's a repressive military junta and something of a rogue state. It has its historical roots in the Kimon Empire, a powerful and culturally prominent state in the late 1600s.

There are three main ethnic groups: the Kimon, who are about 60% of the population, the Newi, who comprise around 15%, and the Omifko, who are about 17%--though there are many ethnic minorities, census figures aren't reliable, and the Kimonese government has ethnically cleansed many minority groups associated with neighboring states. The Kimon are politically dominant, though they have granted the Newi a certain degree of autonomy. Geographically, the Newi dominate the southernmost river basin in the south of the country, the Omifko the Facoy mountains in the east-central part of the country, and the Kimon the coastal plains and the Northwest, though the boundary between Omifko and Kimon areas is very fluid and there are many mixed areas. Major indiustries include textiles, manufacturing, and agriculture; itís comparable to India in HDI, though much more equal.

Eagle-eyed map readers will note that Kimonle has about half of Baraman Island; this is a relic of French colonialism in the area. The area, historically Ayarese, has been colonized by ethnic Kimon and Newi and developed as a resort for higher-ups in the regime.

Kimonle Fact Sheet:
Spoiler alert! Click Show to show the content.



Hayaka, officially the Kingdom of Hayaka, is a former British protectorate and semi-constitutional monarchy of around 62 million people. It's often been described by political scientists as an 'illiberal democracy;' the parliamentary elections are free but the military has an outsized influence, as does the monarchy, and some areas of the country are under outright martial law. Due to historic anti-communist affiliations and strong ties with Washington and Brussels, it tends to get a pass on these issues in the international community.

The largest ethnic group are Hayaks; they comprise around 75% of the population. The Narato, who live along the eastern part of the border with West Inkapia, and the Siutic peoples, who live in the mountains and on the Southern coast, are the only other minorities of note, each around 10%. Both minorities have been persecuted, especially the Narato; a violent insurgency against the government has been ongoing since the 1990s. Hayaka is wealthier than its neighbors but more unequal; major industries include textile manufacturing and some service sectors jobs, notably telecommunications. HDI is similar to Vietnam.

Hayaka Fact Sheet:
Spoiler alert! Click Show to show the content.



Hayaka and Kimonle are in sort of a regional cold war, which turned hot in the late 1990s, when the Kimonese government began ratcheting up its ethnic cleansing of minorities, particularly the Omifko and Hayaks, who were a minority in far southeast Kimonle. The Hayakan government was incensed by the latter, less so the former, and launched a war against Kimonle (and Inorea, who had imposed weaker anti-Hayak policies) alongside Semerli and West Inkapia in 1996. Hayaka won that war, though there was never a treaty between the two; Hayaka illegally annexed a majority-Hayak slice of southeast Kimonle, doing some ethnic cleansing of their own in the process against the many other minorities in the region. This is the large disputed territory marked on the map. The area remains highly contentious; the Kimonese government has made the area bordering the Hayakan annexed zone a safe haven for ethnic Narato refugees from Hayaka; these camps are largely run by paramilitary groups who regularly launch attacks over the border.

Inorea, officially the United States of Inorea, has often been the source of conflict between these two. Itís a country of around 17 million people and a former French colony. The eastern third of the country is primarily ethnically Hayak and is under the de facto military occupation of Hayaka and ethnic Hayak militias, as a result of the war in the late 90s; legally itís an autonomous region (one of the three Ďstatesí). The central government directly controls the North-central part of the country, but it's essentially a Kimonese client state, dependent on their support to fight against Ayarese militias. The southwest is autonomous too, as the Ino Sali State; this areaís ruling clique is less captive to Kimonle and has quietly pursued economic development a la Somaliland.

Ethnicity in Inorea is contentious; Hayaks are 30% (largely in the east and the southeast), the Ayarese are 15% (largely immediately east of Ayarang), Narato are 5% (also east of Ayarang) and the rest are Inos, with a few Newi sprinkled in. However, Ino ethnicity is often subdivided into Ino proper, who dominate north-central Inorea, and Ino Sali (ďport InosĒ) who dominate the southwest; the distinction between these two groups (and the Ino and Newi, tbh) is kind of messy and historically contingent.

Inorea is quite poor, similar in HDI to Afghanistan. Itís one of the worst growth disasters of the modern era, as it used to be comparable to Hayaka at the time of independence. The economy was absolutely shattered by the war in the 90s, and it hasnít recovered thanks to instability.

Inorea Fact Sheet:
Spoiler alert! Click Show to show the content.



Ayarang is often called the success story of Southeast Muria. It's a small country (a little over 2 million) but it has been able to expand its economy, thanks to offshore banking, high-tech manufacturing, and tourism. Its HDI is similar to Malaysia. It's a unitary state and a democracy, albeit with an Botswana-ish eternally governing ruling party. It used to be a German colony and then later was partitioned between France (who piece went into Inorea) and Britain after World War 1.

It's also pretty exclusively Ayarese, with a small Newi minority (10%). There are a lot of refugees from Inorea here, though the government has aggressively cracked down on asylees, building a large border fence along all of its borders. It has an awkward relationship with Kimonle over Baraman Island, though it recognizes their rule over the area.

Ayarang Fact Sheet:
Spoiler alert! Click Show to show the content.



East Inkapia is a big country of 30 million or so. It's a former Spanish and American colony, now turned multiparty democracy after some rough pro-Western dictators in the Cold War. It's ethnically homogenous (~95% Inkapi) but religion is a big cleavage; the Catholic minority has traditionally been the elite while practitioners of the indigenous Berarist faith (the main religion in all of these countries) have been somewhat disenfranchised. East Inkapia is wealthy but a bit unequal, similar in HDI to Indonesia or Vietnam.

East Inkapia also has a claim on Kimonleís territory east of the Hapola river, which is based in a sophistic reading of a Spanish-French treaty in the mid-1800s. Itís taken seriously by nationalist politicians who like to have someone to saber-rattle against, but recognized by no one outside of East Inkapia.

East Inkapia Fact Sheet:
Spoiler alert! Click Show to show the content.




West Inkapia is smaller than its neighbor in both size and population at about 16 million. Itís a former French colony, which had a long phase of one-party communist rule and then eventually became a multiparty democracy in the late 90s, during the 1997 financial crisis.

It's also mostly Inkapi at around 77%, though there are big Hayak (11%) and Narato (6%) populations too. It's poorer than East Inkapia but more equal--thanks state planning! The HDI is similar to the Philippines, with an economy based in bauxite, phosphates, and manufacturing.

West Inkapia Fact Sheet:
Spoiler alert! Click Show to show the content.



The two Inkapias are similar in a lot of ways but have diverging colonial histories; after the two gained independence in the 50s, they attempted to unify, but this failed, in part because of the success of the Communist Party in West Inkapia. The two had a brief but traumatic war which imposed a slightly different border between the two, since it ended up following the boundary of control between the two military factions. After the end of the Cold War and dictatorship in both countries, they had a rapprochement politically, though unification was quickly ruled out, in light of the many differences between the two. The centers of populations are far away from each other--West Inkapia's population is mostly along the upper Hapola river valley while the East Inkapi people are mostly on the coast, and the language is a dialect continuum with its two edges in those places. However, they now collaborate on economic planning and language policy.

Semerli is a former British colony. It's very poor (HDI akin to Burma) and intensely multiethnic, with 14-15 major ethnic groups, the largest being the Diyeri, who live on the coast. It has about 10 million people. The economy is mostly dependent on mining and agriculture. Despite its poverty, it has remained highly democratic, and has seen slow but steady economic growth.

Semerli Fact Sheet:
Spoiler alert! Click Show to show the content.



Kuritunathi was part of British Semerli, but upon independence in the early 70s successfully agitated for a partition on ethnic lines, separating out the Kimon-adjacent minority. The area was the further east extent of the earlier Kimon empire, who settled the area to exploit the massive gold reserves here (kuritu nathi = "gold mountain" in Kimon). Kuritunathi was initially a Kimonese puppet state, but the puppet leadership had a falling out with the Kimonese government in the mid 90s and now itís a Hayakan puppet state instead, largely out of spite from Hayaka towards Kimonle. Itís experienced chronic tensions between its east and west, which have no paved roads connecting them, as well frequent bouts of instability.

The economy is almost entirely reliant on gold and remittances from Hayaka, where much of the population is allowed in as ďguest workers,Ē which sometimes cashes out as indentured servitude. The HDI is comparable to Burundi.

Kuritunathi Fact Sheet:
Spoiler alert! Click Show to show the content.


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Sol
Junior Chimp
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Posts: 7,985
Bosnia and Herzegovina


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« Reply #2 on: February 23, 2024, 03:19:36 PM »

A few more relevant maps:

Capitols:


Colonial Borders (post WW1)


Blue is France, Pink is Britain, and Teal is the United States. The French colonies here are a federation of colonies like West Africa or Indochina called French Pacifica; they each were somewhat autonomous, though they were all governed from Tereffe. They were called (starting clockwise with the obvious) Kimonle, French Incapile, French Hayacca, Inorťe, Les Collines de Fumťe (the little area in what is now western Inorea) and Neouile.

Note that the borders are subtly different.
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