Talk Elections

Presidential Elections - Analysis and Discussion => Alternative Elections => Topic started by: Historia Crux on July 08, 2008, 03:20:22 PM



Title: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 08, 2008, 03:20:22 PM
The Republican Primaries of 1948 would show a suprising growth of support for Harold Stassen since the 1944 primaries and the primaries would kick off in Wisconsin were Stassen would beat General Douglas MacArthur by about 5% and would gain the needed momentum. Nebraska would also have a Stassen win by about 9% against former nominee Thomas Dewey, the numbers began to show that if Stassen were to be nominated that he would win against the incumbent Harry Truman in the 1948 General Election. The Illinois would easily pass with favorite son Riley Bender taking nearly 97% of the vote. Heavy campaigning in Pennsylvania would be enough to win the Pennsylvania Primary by Stassen, after some thought Stassen would back away from the idea of campaigning in Taft's homestate of Ohio and instead focused on Oregon and New Jersey.

April 20th, 1948 - New Jersey Primary

Thomas Dewey: 40.6%
Harold Stassen: 35.8%
Douglas MacArthur: 8.0%
Arthur Vandenburg: 5.7%
Robert Taft: 5.5%
Others: 4.4%

May 4th, 1948 - Ohio Primary

Robert Taft: 67.1%
Harold Stassen: 32.9%

May 11th, 1948 - West Virginia Primary

Harold Stassen: 83.6%
Others: 16.4%

May 21st, 1948 - Oregon Primary

Harold Stassen: 52.8%
Thomas Dewey: 46.7%
Others: 0.5%
()
Harold Stassen
Robert Taft
Thomas Dewey
Earl Warren
Leverett Saltonstall
Riley Bender
Herbert Hitchcock

After defeating Dewey in Oregon, Dewey's support began to dwindle and any possibility of gaining the nomination was fading for him and Dewey would drop out a week later. Stassen would sail to the Convention in Philadelphia and on the second ballot Stassen would be nominated against the Isolationist Robert Taft and would choose Earl Warren as his Vice President. After some some debate the Conservatives and Liberals back the ticket.

R - Harold Stassen/Earl Warren



Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Kaine for Senate '18 on July 08, 2008, 03:40:59 PM
I did a TL about Stassen winning back a few months ago, although I never finished it.  Keep it up :)


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 08, 2008, 09:48:26 PM
The General Election campaigning began and Stassen would be the usual lively self as others said that Incumbent Harry Truman was a dull man compared to Stassen. People were energized by Stassen and Truman would quickly respond and attack Stassen at every turn in the campaign in hopes of rising in the polls after Truman had sunken far behind Stassen and the Republicans and now with the Dixiecrat's in play the Democrats were losing hope of a win in 1948. The two candidates would duke it out in debate after debate and both candidates would bee evenly matched to each other as a hard campaign was having a surge for Truman. Results were for the presidency were varied, with some showing that it was neck in neck or Stassen or even Truman was now in the lead, the polls were confusing to the American people in the 1948 Election and became increasingly confused as Election Day approached. The officially results showed the two candidates in a fight for electoral votes for a long while until Stassen finally pulled ahead and after Truman went to sleep Stassen would be crowned as the President Elect and the winner of the election. Harold Stassen would then show the famous "Stassen Defeats Truman!" Chicago Tribune issue, Stassen would remark "We'll I guess it was right, I won, American won this time, now it's time for America to have a New Deal..."

()

Republican - Harold Stassen/Earl Warren: 291 EV 48.8 PV
Democratic - Harry Truman/Alben Barkley: 209 EV 46.2 PV
Dixiecrat - Strom Thurmond/Fielding Wright: 39 EV 2.4 PV
Other (Socialist ,Progressive, etc) 0 EV 2.6 PV


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 09, 2008, 12:35:02 AM
()
The First Term of Harold Stassen (1949-1953)

When Stassen was officially sworn in as the 34th President of the United States by Chief Justice Frederick M. Vinson, Stassen was at the age of 41 making him the youngest President so far and at the time. His Inaugural Address would be poignant and outlined a revised version of Roosevelt's New Deal and that he would lead the nation into a new era, a Golden Era of sorts. Stassen's cabinet members would vary, with Arthur Vandenburg(R-MI) as his State Secretary, Dwight Eisenhower(I-KS) as his Defense Secretary and Thomas Dewey(R-NY) as Interior Secretary.


Some of the laws that Stassen could pass could likely be stopped by the House which had fallen in the hands of the Democrats during the House Election of 1948 while the Senate had remained in Republican hands. Some of the first laws to pass and be vetoed under the Stassen Administration were the Housing Act of 1949, one of the many new laws passed into law and were apart of Stassen's New Deal. The Privatized Health Care Act was passed to continue the steady alliance of Conservatives and President Stassen, though he would continue to ponder a more universal health care role.

The Berlin Air Lift would be left unfulfilled after Truman had left office and had left it in Harold Stassen's hands. Stassen would continue Truman's plans and after the airlift had shown strong support with the East German people and a strong disliking from the Soviets, the blockade would last until May 12th, 1949 at which the Soviet blockade would end and after being humiliated the Soviets would let American supply convoys move food and other supplies to Berlin after one minute after midnight. General Lucius Clay would come home to the United States and have a ticker tape parade in New York City in his honor because of the success of the Berlin Airlift.

Time passed, on August 29th, 1949 the Soviets detonated their first nuclear bomb "Joe 1" at which the design was a imitation of the American plutonium bomb that was dropped on Nagasaki in 1945. President Stassen would remark "I hope, along with all the other Americans that a hopeful peace can be insured to an end of this Cold Peace we live, at which we live with now a gun pointed at us as we aim right back...". 1950 would come and have Republicans and Democrats campaigning for the upcoming Midterm House and Senate elections. A waring in the Korean peninsula would prompt the United States and the Soviet Union to back either South Korea or North Korea, the beginning of the Korean War had begun with Communist and pro Democratic forces squaring off along the 38th parallel.

The 1950 Congressional Elections
Democrats would fiercely focus on winning as many Senate seats to gain a majority just like they have in Congress, with this some shoe in Republicans would be beaten from election or reelection, but even this couldn't stop the continual Republican surge.

House Results:
Democrats: 227 (-34)
Republicans: 206 (+35)
Independent: 1 (+1)
American Labor: 1 (-)

Senate Results:
Republicans: 58 (+5)
Democrats: 42 (-5)



Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Robespierre's Jaw on July 09, 2008, 01:25:31 AM
This looks quite familar to both my original and present Herbert Hoover in 1920 timelines, I'm proud my traditions have no carried onto yet another person on the forum, with the first one being Ben Constine. I can now die a happy man. Hehe.

Although I believe your doing a good job at the moment Andy, it would be grand if you could include information on foreign affairs in your updates as well. I know I would like to know what's occuring in Australia at the moment :D. As long as Ben Chifley does not suffer a stroke in June 1951 and the 1951 General Election is delayed in this TL, I shall be happy also.


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 09, 2008, 09:18:14 AM
President Stassen would also become involved more in the international spotlight, planning a tour of sorts to stop off in Britain, West Germany, Australia and Puerto Rico. The most different was the attack on Stassen by a communist supporter in West Germany but would survive unscathed, Australia had always been a strong ally of the United States, with the battle for the Prime Ministry was coming to a halt in the General Election of 1949 slowing down Stassen would appear just in time.

He would meet with the incumbent Prime Minister Ben Chifley to take about the alliance with the United States, politics in both countries and the Cold War. Chifley would be 63 while Stassen would be 41 but Stassen would give several good ideas to the Prime Minister, these ideas wouldn't save the Labour from having a Liberal elected to the Prime Ministry but they would use these ideas in the 1952 General Election. With December slowly drawing to a close, Stassen would go to Puerto Rico and celebrate Christmas Eve in San Juan, there he would outline the possibility of statehood for the territory.

Stassen would leave on December 25th, 1949 in an extravagant parade to celebrate Christmas and the union of Puerto Rico and the US mainland. After being driven through the streets a gun totting assassin would open fire on President Stassen, the man was a Puerto Rican nationalist called Griselio Torresola. The assassination attempt would fail, in a strange occurrence two assassination attempts had been tried against Harold Stassen and had lived unscathed. Stassen would soon go back to the US mainland to spend the rest of Christmas with his family.


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 09, 2008, 03:45:46 PM
Things were quickly changing in the United States, the UN made New York City as it's headquarters there, North Korean and Chinese forces would capture the South Korean city of Seoul and testing began on a more advanced nuclear bombs. The Rosenburg Trial would only be another part of the Red Scare in the US and Senator Joseph McCarthy(R-WI) would go on his Communist hunt and would declare that many people were undercover Soviet spy's, "McCarthyism" would blanket the nation for some time and McCarthy himself would go so far to say that because President Stassen softer tone on the Cold War made him a Communist and McCarthy would try to impeach Stassen but the idea died with only several of his supporters and himself backing impeachment.

The strong union of the US and the Oceania countries Australia and New Zealand would lead to the ANZUS(Australia,New Zealand,United States)Security Treaty was signed in early September of 1951. The United States was also going in the roaring 50's, with a golden age for the American people and with numerous new products being released to the US Stassen's New Deal was seemingly working out for the American people. Other news was former Australian Prime Minister Ben Chifley would grudgingly vote for incumbent PM Robert Menzies banking bill and Britain would reelect Winston Churchill as Prime Minister of Great Britain. After some debate to pass the 22nd Amendment and after President Stassen "If it is the wish of the incumbent President to run for a third term or possibly a fourth term just as one of our finest Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt had done...". The 22nd Amendment would effectively be beaten down by the Republicans in Congress when the Republicans and a coalition of sorts of Democrats voted to oppose the Amendment.

The 1952 Democratic Convention
The Democrats had 15 primaries to go through and many Democrats would call for Adlai Stevenson to join the presidential race but would continue to hold out and Senator Estes KeFauver(D-TN), an outspoken opposition to President Stassen and after winning 12 out of the 15 primaries he would lock up the nomination and gain the support of Adlai Stevenson at the Convention, KeFauver would be nominated and chose Harriman as his Vice President.

The 1952 Republican Convention
Incumbent Harold Stassen would run for reelection and easily lock up the nomination with only a scattered opposition to him in the primaries. Stassen and Warren were renominated at the Republican Convention with ease.

The Presidential Election of 1952
Stassen and KeFauver would duke it out in debates and on the campaign trail and polling would show that the race would be close and after Stassen used a "Solution to Korea" type campaign against KeFauver's "Find out what's going on in Korea" campaign and would take the lead in polls.

()
Harold Stassen/Earl Warren: 403 EV 55.2% PV
Estes KeFauver/Adlai Stevenson: 128 EV 44.1% PV
Other (Prohibition, Socialist, etc) 0 EV 0.4 PV

The 1952 Congressional Elections
After the Republican Surge of 1950, the Democrats would stand tall in the elections and have some success and triumph in this Congressional election. The Congressional Election would have the Republicans now having the majority in both the House and the Senate.

House Results:
Republican: 227 (+21)
Democrat: 206 (-21)
Independent: 1 (-)
American Labor: 1 (-)

Sentate Results:
Republican: 56 (-2)
Democrat: 44 (+2)


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Kaine for Senate '18 on July 09, 2008, 05:08:16 PM
This looks quite familar to both my original and present Herbert Hoover in 1920 timelines, I'm proud my traditions have no carried onto yet another person on the forum, with the first one being Ben Constine. I can now die a happy man. Hehe.

Although I believe your doing a good job at the moment Andy, it would be grand if you could include information on foreign affairs in your updates as well. I know I would like to know what's occuring in Australia at the moment :D. As long as Ben Chifley does not suffer a stroke in June 1951 and the 1951 General Election is delayed in this TL, I shall be happy also.

Indeed, I recognize this format as the same format used by me in my various TL's :)


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Хahar 🤔 on July 09, 2008, 05:50:39 PM
That format has always annoyed me.


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Kaine for Senate '18 on July 09, 2008, 08:43:44 PM

Why?

Btw, Andy, keep up the good work :)  I can only hope this TL will be more successful than mine was :P


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 09, 2008, 11:17:08 PM
()
The Second Term of Harold Stassen (1953-1957)

Harold Stassen would be sworn in for his second term on January 20th, 1953. In his Inaugural Address President Stassen would outline his victory solution for the Korean War and that "Peace would be wishfully obtained by the end of this year for the Korean peninsula...". President Stassen would carry out his New Deal ideals and try for a more universal free enterprise were the Government and the people run equally with some run by the government and some run by the people. With the Senate and Congress in Republican hands they could nearly pass any law they wished, the only thing that would be a problem was the small majority they held in Congress and the Senate. After some talking with Defense Secretary Eisenhower, President Stassen would open up relations with Spain at the time was regarded as having a Fascist regime in power.

As 1953 passed on, it became clear that the Korean War was coming to an end and on July 27th, 1953 the Korean War would officially end when the US, China, North and South Korea would sign an armistice agreement. After this Operation Big Switch would occur and POW's from both sides would be returned to their respected nations, Korea was a success as many people saw it as and only being three years that flew by all that America knew that they won this day. On October 5th, 1953 Interior Secretary Thomas Dewey would be appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court by President Harold Stassen, the Interior Secretary position would be filled by Fred Seaton after Dewey's departure.

1954 would be a golden year for America, after the victory in Korea the United States had a spring in it's step, the Berlin Conference would occur when ministers from the US, the UK, France and the Soviet Union at which the "Big Four" would discuss the settlement of the Korean War and the Indochina War being raged between France and the Viet Mihn. President Stassen would send supplies and money to military aid to Vietnam. President Stassen would remark about actual military intervention by the US into Vietnam with great caution "This nation doesn't need to tread down a road that leads to a blood bath in the Indochina Arena...".

On March 1st, 1954, four Puerto Rican nationalists would storm into the House of Representatives and open fire on the Representatives, wounding only 5 people in the attack and the nationalists would be caught, jailed and executed soon after. The five representatives that were wounded were Alvin Bentley(R-MI), Clifford Davis(D-TN), Ben Jensen(R-IO), George Fallon(D-MD) and Kenneth Roberts(D-AL). This attack would kill President Stassen's idea of an admission of Puerto Rico to the United States and for the rest of his term Stassen wouldn't touch the idea again. In other news Queen Elizabeth would become the first reigning monarch to visit Australia, meeting with the 67 year old Prime Minister Ben Chifley in a pleasent tour of the Dominion.

The 1954 Congressional Elections
The 1954 Congressional elections would continue the surge of Republicans in the House and the Democrats would only gain one more seat in the Senate but this would be only enough to keep the Democrats at 44 seats because of the lost seat to McCarthy. In the Senate Joseph McCarthy won back his Senate seat from the Democrats as a independent.

House Results:
Republican: 235 (+8)
Democrats: 197 (-9)
Independents: 2 (+1)
American Labor: 1 (-)

Senate Results:
Republican: 55 (-1)
Democrats: 44 (-)
Independents: 1 (+1)


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 10, 2008, 09:45:31 PM
After his reelection to the Senate, Joseph McCarthy(I-WI) would quickly begin his Communist hunt again and would start hearings to investigate the United States Army for being "soft" on the Communist threat. SEATO(South East Asian Treaty Organization) would be established to block the spread of Communism into the Oceanic regions and more of Asia, the headquarters would be implaced in Bangkok, Thailand. In mid December the Senate would vote to condemn Joseph McCarthy for his conduct that was "that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute" to a vote of 70 against 24, they condemned McCarthy's actions.

President Stassen would push the Civil Rights Act of 1955 to give more rights to the blacks through out the nation, many southern Democrats would vote against this and call this "another Civil Rights proposal to jam it down the unwilling Southerner's throat" while others would call it a victory for the Constitution and the natural and unalienable rights for all people of America. The new Civil Rights Act would pass with enough  for it to pass but with growing hate for Stassen in the southern states, the major opposition to this was Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus. After President Stassen ordered that the 7th fleet of the US Navy to help the evacuation of the Republic of China's nationalist army to Taiwan was a success but the relations with the PRC was strained because of this.

President Stassen would begin to work on the statehoods for the Alaska Territory and the Hawaiian Territory, some politicians would see this as a copy of Stassen other idea to an admission of Puerto Rico to the US as the 49th state but this idea would gain popularity. The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1955 would pass which would create the United States Interstate Highways and would be the largest work program in American history. In surveys the GDP in the United States would be rated at an 9.1, the main reason for this was Stassen's New Deal style idea's and laws that he passed attributed to this growth. On September 24th, 1955 Defense Secretary Eisenhower would be rushed to the hospital because of  a myocardial infarction which would keep him in the hospital for several weeks, President Stassen would wish a fast and hopeful recovery to Eisenhower. With the Presidential Election of 1956 fast approaching there is talk of Harold Stassen running for a third term.


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 11, 2008, 11:26:49 PM
The 1956 Democratic Convention and Primaries

The primaries would have former 1952 nominee Estes KeFauver running again, VP nominee Adlai Stevenson, New York Governor Averell Harriman, Governor Frank Lausche of Ohio, Senate Minority Leader John McCormack and Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus. KeFauver would be hailed as the frontrunner in the race and after victories in New Hampshire and Minnesota this would only begin to solidify this. Florida would be close a 45-52-3 race with Stevenson and KeFauver facing off. Stevenson would pick up his home state Illinois, DC and Pennsylvania but his funds were depleting and he was defeated in California and dropped out. Ohio would go to the favorite son Frank Lausche and Orval Faubus would campaign all in Maryland and would win with a 39-31-30 margin of victory over KeFauver and the unpledged votes. KeFauver would win the nomination and have the delegates choose KeFauver's Vice President but John Kennedy would become his VP, this would outrage southern Democrats because of Kennedy's support of Civil Rights and many southerners would leave the convention and join with the States Rights Party.

The 1956 States Rights Convention

After joining with the States Rights Party and nominate Orval Faubus for President and John Sparkman for Vice President against IRS Commissioner Thomas C. Andrews and they would also beat him for the Constitution Party nomination as well. With this they would begin to campaign against the Republicans and Democrats in a fierce way.

The 1956 Republican Convention
After his high approval ratings, Harold Stassen would say that he would run for a third term of the presidency and would easily gain the nomination and again choose Earl Warren for his Vice President.

The Presidential Election of 1956
The election had been a shoe in for Stassen but with the States Rights in play they would sway some states to the Democrats but not enough for a win for them.

()
Harold Stassen/Earl Warren: 301 EV 50.4 PV
Estes KeFauver/John Kennedy: 161 EV 39.6 PV  
Orval Faubus/John Sparkman: 45 EV 9.7 PV
Other (Prohibition, Socialist, etc) 0 EV 0.3 PV

The 1956 Congressional Elections
The Congressional Elections would show what the Presidential Election would show, a Republican landslide and the Republicans would triumph in both the House and Senate because of this, Joseph McCarthy would loose his seat to the Republicans in the elections.

House Results:
Republican: 240 (+5)
Democrats: 192 (-5)
Independents: 2 (-)
American Labor: 1 (-)

Senate Results:
Republican: 57 (+2)
Democrats: 41 (-3)
Independents: 0 (-1)
Independent/States Rights: 2 (+2)


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Хahar 🤔 on July 12, 2008, 06:34:42 PM

No reason, really. Just a vague dislike.


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 14, 2008, 01:35:41 AM
()
The Third Term of Harold Stassen (1957-1961)

On January 20th, 1957 Harold Stassen would be sworn in for a third term, and in his Inaugural Address he would say that he would continue his New Deal with the nation and also continue the internationalism, the one major factor of this was the success of the Hungarian Revolution that was aided with guns and money secretly by the government and would overthrow the Communist Regime and put in place the 3rd Hungarian Republic that would leave the Warsaw Pact and reestablish free and open elections in the nation. The nation was under what seemed a everlasting prosperity and as America grew so did it's involvement in foreign affairs. Vietnam had always been unstable since the French had made it their colony and after it was lost to the Japanese during WW2, Communism had spread and the Viet Cong were growing.

The first nuclear powered submarine, the U.S.S. Nautilus would be launched in February and President Harold Stassen would personally attend the launch and would meet with Admiral Hyman Rickover the "Father of the Nuclear Navy" and would congratulate his genius and celebrate another one of America's advanced technology's. The Stassen Doctrine would be passed by the Congress and the Stassen Doctrine would mainly be to use armed forces upon request in response to a response of imminent or actual aggression against the United States. On June 8th, 1957 Defense Secretary Dwight Eisenhower suffered a massive stroke in his office and after nearly an hour he was found dead in his office, this would be a sad time for the American people and for Stassen who had gained a good friendship and respect for Eisenhower during his time as Defense Secretary.

The Civil Rights Expansion Bill of 1957 would expand the original Civil Rights Act of 1955 but it would meet with strong dislike from the Southern Democrats and the States Rights in the Senate and Strom Thurmond(D-SC) would make a 24 hour and 18 minute filibuster but quite a bit of Southern Democrats were unpleasant by this because they thought that Thurmond's defiance had made them look bad to the constituents, the other major supporter of Strom was Oraval Faubus(SR-AR) but the bill would still pass. The Little Rock Scare would be with Arkansas Governor Nathan G. Gordon would try and let 9 blacks into the Central High School but White's would be outraged and coalesce around the city and quickly protest it, Governor Gordon would call for President Stassen to send in the National Guard to protect the black students and this would be heard and National Guardsman would protect the "Little Rock 9".


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 17, 2008, 11:14:12 PM
With now the Russian satellite Sputnik moving across the sky, President Stassen would quickly go after the US space program and begin to push for "An American satellite in one Month" this would be fullfilled by Explorer 1. In an attempt to stop a possible attack from the Soviet Union, the US and Canada sign an agreement to create the North American Aerospace Defense Command(NORAD), meetings with President Stassen and Prime Minister John Diefenbaker would finalize this. After three months of transmissions from Explorer 1, President Stassen would speak of this about "How that man has only tasted the tip of Space Exploration and we must continue are search for more...". President Stassen's push for the admission of both Alaska and Hawaii would begin to bear fruit as he would sign the Alaska Statehood Act into law and make the territory the 49th state, soon afterwards the Hawaii Statehood Act would pass and make the island chain the 50th state.

The "Space Race" would begin to heat up after Congress would officially create the National Aeronautics and Space Organization(NASO) which had been already growing under the Stassen Administration at a fast rate, President Stassen would hail this as a "Glorious day for all of America as we begin to grab hold of space...". NASO would soon crank out the Pioneer 1 after only four months after there official creation and would quickly be followed with the success of Pioneer 2, many Americans now see them in the lead in the Space Race. In other news former Prime Minister Óscar Gans would be elected the 19th President of Cuba at which this was only possible because of the Stassen Administration of internationalism and would overthrow Batista as President after his coup in Cuba of Carlos P. Socarrás and President Stassen would fly to Havana to meet with new President Gans to commend him on his victory and would meet an young politician by the name of Fidel Castro who would speak with Stassen and thank him for the overthrow of Batista, Stassen would coin the term "Democratic Revolution" a word that would stick with Castro.

NASO would choose seven military pilots or what was called the "Mercury Seven" to become the first Astronauts as popularity of space exploration was beginning it's boom in America. The St. Lawrence seaway would open and Queen Elizabeth 2 and President Harold Stassen would both be there for the opening, Stassen would make a small speech "This will begin the bonds between the US and Canada, for the bonds of trade are the strongest as we two nations beckon in a Golden Age...". The Soviets would try and show they were also truly competing in the Space Race by launching Luna 2 and this would become the first spacecraft to reach the surface of the Moon, only with it crashing into the Moon's surface, the Soviets would begin to recover from this with there hopeful launch of Luna 3 and take some of the first pictures of the Moon's surface but would be robbed of this by the American built Columbia 2.

The 1958 Congressional Elections
The Republicans would go on with there domination of both the House and the Senate as things would continue as normal with Republican gains in the House and Senate.

House Results:
Republican: 243 (+3)
Democrats: 190 (-2)
Independents: 1 (-1)
American Labor: 1 (-)

Senate Results:
Republican: 58 (+1)
Democrats: 40 (+1)
States Rights: 2 (-)


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 18, 2008, 12:05:20 AM
The Democratic Primaries of 1960
With the major candidates John Kennedy, Hubert Humphrey, Lyndon Johnson and Adlai Stevenson vying for the nomination, many of the Democratic Party bosses are pushing for either Humphrey or Johnson instead of Kennedy after his loss in the VP slot in 1956 had given him a stink to him and some party bosses were turned away because he was Roman Catholic and with this the odds are against him.

New Hampshire
1st-John Kennedy - 81%
2nd-Paul Fisher - 17%
Other - 2%

Wisconsin
1st-Hubert Humphrey - 51%
2nd-John Kennedy - 49%

Illinois
1st-John Kennedy - 50%
2nd-Adlai Stevenson - 20%
3rd-Hubert Humphrey - 16%
4th-Stuart Symington - 11%
Other - 3%

Massachusetts
1st-John Kennedy - 86%
2nd-Adlai Stevenson - 6%
3rd-Hubert Humphrey - 5%
Other - 3%

Pennsylvania
1st-Hubert Humphrey - 47%
2nd-John Kennedy - 35%
3rd-Adlai Stevenson - 12%
4th-Stuart Symington - 2%
5th-Lyndon Johnson - 1%
Other - 3%

Indiana
1st-John Kennedy - 77%
2nd-John Latham - 13%
3rd-Lawrence Daly - 10%

West Virginia
1st-Hubert Humphrey - 58%
2nd-John Kennedy - 42%

Nebraska
1st-Hubert Humphrey - 51%
2nd-John Kennedy - 35%
3rd-Stuart Symington - 8%
4th-Adlai Stevenson - 3%
5th-Lyndon Johnson - 2%
Other - 1%

Maryland
1st-Hubert Humphrey - 72%
2nd-Wayne Morse - 15%
3rd-Unpledged - 9%
4th-Lawrence Daly - 3%
5th-Andrew Easter - 1%

Oregon
1st-Hubert Humphrey - 52%
2nd-Wayne Morse - 30%
3rd-John Kennedy - 6%
4th-Stuart Symington - 4%
5th-Lyndon Johnson - 4%
6th-Adlai Stevenson - 3%
Other - 1%

In the other primaries Humphrey would not have that much of a problem in the other primaries and would sail through them and on to the Convention.


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 18, 2008, 09:00:54 PM
The 1960 Democratic Convention
Hubert Humphrey would easily gain the nomination after defeating Kennedy in the primaries and would decide to balance the ticket with a southerner and chose Lyndon Johnson for the Vice President spot. With this the Democrats would back away from the Civil Rights agenda they had as part of there plank to keep the Southern Democrats from breaking off even more and after this the States Rights Senators would pledge themselves to the Democratic Party once again.

The 1960 Republican Convention
Harold Stassen would go by his word and not seek reelection to a fourth term and would back his Vice President Earl Warren for the Republican nomination and Warren would easily gain the nomination and would have to choose from NY Governor Nelson Rockefeller, though some Republicans said that Rockefeller was only the Governor now for about 2 years and said to be inexperienced and put forth Prescott Bush's name as a possible runningmate for Warren but he went with Nelson Rockefeller as his VP.

The Presidential Election of 1960
The polls showed a Warren victory over Humphrey and Kennedy's lackluster campaigning for Humphrey in Massachusetts and other states would cost HHH several electoral vote rich states. As for Rockefeller on the ticket, he would push some voters to Humphrey in the west but it would make some states competitive but they would fall to Warren with only Montana giving itself to Humphrey by a 1.6% win. Warren and Rockefeller would win the election as expected.
()
Earl Warren/Nelson Rockefeller: 330 EV 53.5%
Hubert Humphrey/Lyndon Johnson: 207 EV 45.9%
Other (States Rights, Prohibition, etc) 0 EV 0.6 PV

The 1960 Congressional Elections
As Earl Warren would be easily elected President the Democrats would begin to make some gains in the Senate as they only gained one more seat in the House.

House Results:
Republican: 242 (-1)
Democrats: 191 (+1)
Independents: 1 (-)
American Labor: 1 (-)

Senate Results:
Republican: 54 (-4)
Democrats: 46 (+6)
States Rights: 0 (-2)


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Robespierre's Jaw on July 19, 2008, 12:45:01 AM
How did the moderate Republican ticket of Earl Warren and Nelson Rockefeller fail to win New Hampshire in 1960? If Richard Nixon can defeat John F. Kennedy in New Hampshire by several points in the RL 1960 Presidential Election, then surely Earl Warren would be able to comfortably defeat Hubert Humphrey there in this election. I do worry about your maps on ocassions.


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 19, 2008, 01:27:25 AM
()
The First Term of Earl Warren (1961-1965)

Earl Warren and Vice President Nelson Rockefeller would be sworn in by Chief Justice Thomas Dewey as the 35th President and 36th Vice President of the United States. In President Warren's inaugural address he would outline that he would continue down the road that Stassen had made and would continue to push for as he put it "We shall have men in outerspace by my end of my term as President to prove that the continual spirit of President Stassen will live on...". Warren would also say that he would continue to guide the US through it's Golden Age. As soon as Warren would get into office he would have to deal with the Space Race, NASO would send Ham the chimp up in the Mercury-Redstone 2 which were apart of the NASO Project Mercury in an attempt to test the rockets in space in hopes of the future to send men into space. The Soviets would try and do something in the space race by launching Venera 1 to Venus in an attempt to gain knowledge about the planet but it would be fruitless as the satellite would lose contact with Earth and wouldn't send back data after being sent out several months ago. Alan Shepard would soon become the first man in space on the Mercury-Redstone 3, with this President Warren would set his sights on the Moon.

Civil Rights would have success in several of the Southern states but a flash point in the south would show that hatred still very much existed with the fire bombing of a "Freedom Rider" Bus in Mississippi and Civil Rights protesters are beaten by a mob of people. Soon after Mississippi Governor Ross Barnett declares martial law in the state to stop "the disturbance of peace" in the state and would harshly deal with the Civil Rights activists, President Warren would soon be faced with either sending the National Guard into the state to protect the black protesters in Mississippi but as things began to get worse it seemed that the whole population of blacks in the state needed protecting, the National Guard was sent in and Governor Barnett would see this as a occupying army in another country. A historic making event occurred as Mississippi State Guard would march down the streets in several cities with Confederate flags flying and "Dixie" playing, the major flashpoint was in Jackson, Mississippi where Governor Barnett would march with the guards and after blacks would begin to protest this and National Guardsmen would say to stop the march but in some instance a black man would try to shoot Governor Barnett for revenge and soon the Mississippi Guardsmen would open fire on the man and kill him and soon let loose on the blacks as the National Guardsmen opened fire on the Mississippi Guards. The end result was the death and arrest of numerous Mississippi Guardsmen, the death of numerous National Guardsmen and blacks and would become an open aggression against the federal government since the Civil War and President Warren would quickly implace Rubel Phillips as Governor of Mississippi over the Lt. Governor Paul B. Johnson Jr. who had supported what former Governor Barnett had done. This would become known as the Mississippi Affair.

America was still shocked with the results in Mississippi, to raise America's spirits President Warren would say that he had worked with NASO and the Congress to declare the Apollo Program that would be put by President Warren "That the American people shall overcome this and we shall put a man on the Moon by the decades end...". Warren would continue the internationalism and with this he would go to the Vienna Summit at which President Earl Warren and Premier Nikita Khrushchev would meet to discuss the broader conflict in Indochina, nuclear disarmament and ideological musings, with this the two leaders had met several times but that was when Warren had been Vice President now he was leader of the free world and stood his ground to Khrushchev at the Summit and would prove that America wasn't weak and it's Commander if Chief wasn't either. The two men would also speak of Berlin and if the USSR would sign a treaty with East Germany and cut off access to the city of Berlin, Khrushchev told Kennedy, "Force will be met by force. If the US wants war, that's its problem." "It's up to the US to decide whether there will be war or peace." "The decision to sign a peace treaty is firm and irrevocable, and the Soviet Union will sign it in December if the US refuses an interim agreement.". Warren would make the historic remark "Then Premier you are in for a war, one that will be cold like a long winter.."



Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 19, 2008, 01:29:01 AM
How did the moderate Republican ticket of Earl Warren and Nelson Rockefeller fail to win New Hampshire in 1960? If Richard Nixon can defeat John F. Kennedy in New Hampshire by several points in the RL 1960 Presidential Election, then surely Earl Warren would be able to comfortably defeat Hubert Humphrey there in this election. I do worry about your maps on ocassions.
Okay I think I can correct that, sorry I didn't know what I was thinking for a second and I'll change that right now.


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 20, 2008, 01:11:27 AM
The United States and Cuba would sign another of it's trade pacts, this is seen as a threat to the Dominican Republic and the 70 year old Dictator Rafael Trujillo would counter with signing a similar trade pact with the USSR, this would of course outrage the US and some of its allies and soon after the Organization of American States(OAS) would suspend the Dominican Republic's membership. The US would soon put a trade embargo on all goods from the Dominican Republic to the US, this would of course only push Trujillo to the Soviets hands. The US would have another of it's golden moments as John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth, Glenn would orbit the Earth for nearly 5 hours and rotate around the planet 3 times and President Warren would congratulate the Astronaut Glenn on this achievement and President Warren would get a closeup of "Friendship 7" at which Glenn would be given a ticker tape parade soon after he arrived back home. President Warren would work with the CIA to plan the use of Dominican exiles for an invasion of sorts of the Dominican Republic at La Isabela, Puerto Plata province and would be called the La Islabela Landing but this plan would take some time to come to fruition.

President Warren's State of the Union Address would continue to outline that his plans to put a man on the Moon by the decades end and would continue to push other ideas with much vigor as well like Civil Rights for African Americans in the south and would work with the NAACP and several liberal and moderate Southern to try and obtain a more united south. He would also say to continue down the "Golden brick road" that America must continue it's internationalism in world affairs and continue to stand up to the Soviets and be a beacon of democracy. The La Isabela Landing would soon occur and would be a tragic lose for the exiles and would push the Dominican Republic to begin to have arms and goods being sent from the Soviet Union, this would lead up to when B-2 flights over the Dominican Republic confirmed that the Soviets had implaced nuclear arms in the nation, soon the Dominican Missile Crisis began. President Warren would consult his cabinet and several army generals on the issue, General Curtis LeMay would continue to say to strike the nation with military force as State Secretary Christian Herter(R-MA) would say to try and force Premier Nikita Khrushchev in a more peaceful way to remove the nuclear weapons from the Dominican Republic. Warren would soon decide to go with a peaceful forcing the Soviets to rid the Dominican Republic of the nuclear sites and after a 2 week wait for either the Soviets to remove the missiles or a nuclear war would ensue, Khrushchev would decide to remove the missiles from the Dominican Republic.

The 1962 Congressional Elections
The Democrats would continue their gain in the House and the Senate but with only taking one to two seats in the House and Senate.

House Results:
Republican: 241 (-1)
Democrats: 192 (+1)
Independents: 1 (-)
American Labor: 1 (-)

Senate Results:
Republican: 52 (-2)
Democrats: 48 (+2)

Other:
The major covered election would be the Gubernational Election in California were incumbent Governor William Knowland would be barely defeated by the Democrats nominee Senator Helen G. Douglas would defeat him by a 51% to 48% and 1% for other parties.

Helen G. Douglas/Edmund "Pat" Brown: 51% Popular Vote
William Knowland/Joseph Shell: 48% Popular Vote
Other(Independent, Socialist Labor, etc) 1% Popular Vote


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 21, 2008, 09:42:47 PM
After the success of the disarmament of the Dominican Republic, the American people had a sigh of relief, the US would still stand against the Soviet Union and the close Dominican Republic. The national stage was focused on the South as President Warren had scheduled a tour of the South, from Richmond to Birmingham. Warren would make visits to the new Alabama Governor Lurleen Wallace and former Governor George Wallace and would congratulate them on their Civil Rights Protection in the state. President Warren would face near assassination after a disgruntled southerner tried to assassinate the President but the bullet would only graze him and the would be assassin would be jailed, President Warren would be sent to the nearest hospital to treat his wound. President Warren would easily recover from this attack and return to Washington D.C. After President Warren left Alabama the Civil Rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. would write his famous "Letter from Alabama Island" which would point out that how that the state of Alabama has become more and more of a haven for blacks as the state bordering Alabama, Mississippi has a near zero tolerance for Civil Rights Activists and even under the installed Republican Governor Rubel Phillips there was a burning hatred for blacks in Mississippi.

 Soon Mercury 9 would be launched and this would become the last of the Mercury Program for NASO, President Warren would meet with Gordon Cooper to congratulate him on this historic moment and would announce to the American people that all that remains is the Apollo Program to put and man on the Moon and soon work begins to complete the vision as America rejoices for another triumph over the Soviet Union. This would soon be followed by the Vostok 6 which would carry Soviet Cosmonaut  Valentina Tereshkova, becoming the first women ever to be in space and this would be a small prick to the American NASO and the American people but President Warren would soon send out that when the American foot touches the surface of the Moon, that the crew will be one of bi-culturalism. After some debate Martin Luther King, Jr. delivers his "I Have A Dream" speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial to an audience of at least 250,000 during the March on Washington for Real Unity and Freedom, the major thing that would be remembered is "I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: 'We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal... ". King would be remembered as a savior of sorts to many blacks all across the country as some whites would applaud him for his actions to continue to push for the Constitutional rights for all people as the other whites, particularly in the South see recoil in horror to this as the nation now had virtually accepted Civil Rights on account to the help from former President Stassen and President Warren.


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 21, 2008, 11:03:02 PM
The 1964 Election is soon approaching but the year opens with a early State of the Union Address by President Warren that would continue it's outline for the Space Race and would also outline it's plan to fight poverty in the United States, Democrats would applaud this and support President Warren's "War on Poverty". The ratification of the 24th Amendment would pass with a large support, the Amendment would prohibit the use of poll taxes in national elections with only four states still using them: Virginia, Mississippi, Texas and Arkansas would still use the poll taxes. NASO would launch the Ranger 6 on a mission to carry television cameras and then crash-land on the Moon to gain high quality pictures of the Moon's surface. Soon the Democratic and Republican Party Primaries soon begin with Earl Warren with little resistance and a shoe in for the nomination, the Democrats on the otherhand had a large field of candidates with former Alabama Governor George Wallace(D-AL), Governor Helen G. Douglas(D-CA), Senator Lyndon Johnson(D-TX), Senator George Smathers(D-FL), Senator Hubert Humphrey(D-MN), Mayor Sam Yorty(D-CA) all declare there candidacy for the Democratic Party nomination for the Presidency.

The Democratic Primaries of 1964
With numerous candidates in the race the Democratic party bosses would hope for some of the candidates being knocked out of the race in the first primaries, at which at the beginning of Primary Season there was no candidate as the front runner.

New Hampshire
1st-Hubert Humphrey - 50%
2nd-Lyndon Johnson - 27%
3rd-Helen Douglas - 15%
4th-George Wallace - 6%
Other - 2%

Illinois
1st-George Wallace - 38%
2nd-Hubert Humphrey - 36%
3rd-Lyndon Johnson - 15%
4th-Helen Douglas - 8%
Other - 3%

New Jersey
1st-Hubert Humphrey - 46%
2nd-George Wallace - 38%
3rd-Helen Douglas - 7%
4th-Lyndon Johnson - 5%
Other - 4%

Pennsylvania
1st-George Wallace - 40%
2nd-Hubert Humphrey - 35%
3rd-Lyndon Johnson - 13%
4th-Helen Douglas - 7%
Other - 5%

Massachusetts
1st-Hubert Humphrey - 67%
2nd-Helen Douglas - 14%
3rd-George Wallace - 10%
4th-Lyndon Johnson - 5%
Other - 4%

Nebraska
1st-George Wallace - 45%
2nd-Hubert Humphrey - 36%
3rd-Lyndon Johnson - 13%
4th-Helen Douglas - 4%
Other - 2%

Oregon
1st-George Wallace - 55%
2nd-Helen Douglas - 24%
3rd-Lyndon Johnson - 11%
Other - 10%

Florida
1st-George Smathers - 64%
2nd-George Wallace - 20%
3rd-Lyndon Johnson - 11%
Other - 5%


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 21, 2008, 11:26:49 PM
The Republican Primaries of 1964
Many Republicans thought it was an easy nomination the incumbent President Earl Warren and Vice President Nelson Rockefeller but after some time and thinking Senator Barry Goldwater would throw his hat into the ring and run as a "Real Conservative" in the primaries to have what Goldwater called a "Conservative Revolt" against the ruling New Deal Republicans of the GOP. Goldwater would come in late in the primary season, passing up several primaries and would be a weak candidate compared to Warren.

Illinois
1st-Earl Warren - 79%
2nd-Barry Goldwater - 16%
Other - 5%

New Jersey
1st-Earl Warren - 87%
2nd-Barry Goldwater - 10%
Other - 3%

Pennsylvania
1st-Earl Warren - 87%
2nd-Barry Goldwater - 9%
Other - 4%

Massachusetts
1st-Earl Warren - 93%
2nd-Barry Goldwater - 5%
Other - 2%

Texas
1st-Earl Warren - 83%
2nd-Barry Goldwater - 15%
Other - 2%

Nebraska
1st-Earl Warren - 88%
2nd-Barry Goldwater - 11%
Other - 1%

Oregon
1st-Earl Warren - 90%
2nd-Barry Goldwater - 8%
Other - 2%

After the complete loses in the primaries Barry Goldwater would drop his run for the nomination and remark in his usual bluntness "We would have lost even if Abraham Lincoln had come back and campaigned with us..".


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 22, 2008, 12:29:18 AM
The 1964 Democratic Convention
The Convention in Atlantic City was deeply divided between Hubert Humphrey and George Wallace and with Douglas throwing her support to Wallace and Johnson throwing his support to Humphrey this didn't help the chaos. After 8 ballots the battle came to the party bosses as both candidates approached them to give there sway towards either of them with Wallace saying that Humphrey would loose the election again like he had done in 1960 as Humphrey would say that for the good of the party and to keep the party united to nominate him instead of Wallace. After several more ballots, George Wallace pulled out a small margin of victory over Humphrey on the 11th ballot. Wallace would soon pick Helen Douglas as his VP, which some Democrats saw as "extreme" but he wished to have a different ticket and also try and steal California away from Warren in the Election. George Smathers and other southern Democrats would call that the Democrats not support the Wallace/Douglas ticket because of Civil Rights which had nearly torn the party apart in the 1956 Election and said that Smathers and other Southern Democrats would support a Unpledged Electors in the Election.

The 1964 Republican Convention
After the primaries Goldwater wouldn't endorse Warren for the nomination and even wouldn't finally back him at the Convention in San Francisco and would keep the small number of delegates and challenge Warren for the nomination, Goldwater would be crushed easily and Warren would be renominated and VP Nelson Rockefeller would also be renominated for the Election.

The Presidential Election of 1964
Wallace would have a hard time in the election as a nice number of people in the south would support the Unpledged Electors and would have to campaign to hold on to some of the southern states and this would take time away from him to campaign elsewhere, Lyndon Johnson would campaign hard for Wallace in Texas and give him a small margin of victory there, Helen Douglas wouldn't take California away from Warren but would make it close by 8%. Warren would effectively win the election and continue the grand Dynasty of the Republican Party.
()
Earl Warren/Nelson Rockefeller: 423 EV 53.7 PV
George Wallace/Helen Douglas: 108 EV 41.5 PV
Unpledged Electors: 7 EV 4.4 PV
Other (Prohibition, Socialist Labor, etc) 0 EV 0.4 PV

The 1964 Congressional Elections
The Democrats would gain more seats in the House but there push in the Senate would be stopped for now as the Democrats would lose one seat to the Republicans in the Senate.

House Results:
Republican: 237 (-4)
Democrats: 197 (+5)
Independents: 1 (-)
American Labor: 0 (-1)

Senate Results:
Republican: 53 (+1)
Democrats: 47 (-1)


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 22, 2008, 02:42:59 PM
()
The Second Term of Earl Warren (1965-1969)

President Warren and Vice President Rockefeller would continue the legacy for the Republicans after now a guaranteed 4 more years would bring from 1949 to now 1969 to now 20 years of Republicans. On January 20th both the incumbent President and VP would be sworn in for there second term, President Earl Warren would say that he would continue the fight to put a man on the Moon by now the end of his second term and would work to push for his "War on Poverty". Ranger 8 would send back pictures of possible landing sites for the Apollo Program Astronauts and then would crash into the surface of the Moon after a successful mission. Soon after the Ranger 9 would become one of the last in a series of unmanned Lunar space probes, moving ever so closer to their ultimate goal of sending a man to the Moon. The Soviets would try to counter by sending Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov in his spacecraft the Voskhod for a 2 for 12 minutes space walk, becomes the first ever Soviet to walk in space. Martin Luther King Jr. would have a state march in Alabama, traveling from the most southern tip to the state capitol of Montgomery to continue to put out the message of that still after the great help that the national Government and some of the state level governments had done to help the black community in the south but still states in the south still held out against Civil Rights and beatings and other horrid things done to blacks our occurring in several of the southern states and this can't be ignored.

In the Dominican Republic a democratic coup would be tried and would send the Dictator Rafael Trujillo into hiding to command his loyal forces in safety. A civil war would soon erupt on the small nation and the US would funnel weapons and funds to the democratic rebels as the Soviet Union would also send weapons and arms but to the Dictatorship run portion of the nation though neather superpowers would actually send in any of there own army but would sit back and let the war play out for now. President Warren would sign into effect the Social Security Expansion Act of 1965, apart of Warren's "War on Poverty" and the act would result in the passing of two bills: Medicare and Medicaid. The act provided federal health insurance for the elderly that are over 65 and also for poor families. Gemini 5 would be launched with the Astronauts Gordon Cooper and Pete Conrad on the first 1-week flight, as  well as the first test of fuel cells for electrical power. The Civil War in the Dominican Republic was becoming worse as blood was spilled on both sides and numerous refugees from the Dominican Republic would flee to the US in hopes to escape from the blood soaked war raging in there home nation, they would soon to begin to group in parts of Florida and New York City. The Soviets would do something strange for the Space Race after they would launch the  Venera 3 space probe towards Venus, this was apart of the Soviet Venera Program that was a string of missions to learn about the planet Venus, with this the US government seemed to see as a possible true Space Race was out of the question as NASO and the US continued to close the gap between reaching the Moon and the Soviets weren't trying to compete for the Moon now.


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on July 23, 2008, 09:50:24 PM
What was thought of as a quick and hopefully not that bloody of a coup has become the Dominican people's worst nightmare as the Dictator Rafael Trujillo clings to his remaining power he has in the split "Republic". The US and the Soviet Union were beginning to poise themselves to send at least some "Peacekeeper" forces into the Dominican Civil War to aid the Democratic South and the Dictatorship North. In mid February Peacekeepers from a joint UN/United States/Cuba lead forces into try and decide to stop the violence in the Dominican Republic, with this turn of events the USSR would back away from the idea of sending troops to aid Trujillo in his fight against the Southern Dominican Republic. The Peacekeepers would first touch ground at the capitol of the Southern Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo de Guzman and would meet with the assembled Southern Dominican Army, a not all that trained one at that and soon the US would become the major teacher to the Army there and would only be used in dire circumstances and relief to the citizens of the Southern Dominican Republic in the war torn areas of the country.
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Map of the Former Dominican Republic, North and South Dominican Republics
North Dominican People's Republic - Trujillo de los Caballeros
South Dominican Republic - Santo Domingo de Guzman

As the battle raged in the former Dominican Republic, things were more slower at the American mainland as President Warren would create the secretary position of Housing and Urban Development(HUD) to help with Warren's "War on Poverty" and would appoint  Robert C. Weaver as the first HUD Secretary and also would become the first black cabinet member. The Space Race would continue on as the US would launch Gemini 8 and it would dock with  an Agena target vehicle to develop and practice orbital space rendezvous and docking techniques in preparation of the Apollo Program. Not to be outdone the Soviet Union would launch their satellite Luna 10 and would become the first Soviet satellite to enter the orbit of the Moon. The NASO built Surveyor 1 would land safely on the Oceans of Storms on the Moon in it's mission to gain information about the landing technique, the radar reflectivity of the lunar surface, bearing strength of the lunar surface, and the spacecraft temperature. President Warren would easily sign the Freedom of Information Act or FOIA as it was called by some and would allows for the full or partial disclosure of previously unreleased information and documents controlled by the United States Government to the general public by request.

The 1966 Congressional Elections
The Congressional elections could be summed up with the word deadlocked. With the Senate remaining the same and the Democrats gaining only several seat in the House the Republicans still controlled the House and Senate, the 2 year Senator John Glenn(R-OH) would be reelected for 2 more years after a small margin of victory again.

House Results:
Republican: 235 (-2)
Democrats: 199 (+2)
Independents: 1 (-)

Senate Results:
Republican: 53 (-)
Democrats: 47 (-)

Other:
The California Gubernational Election would be covered again and would have the Union leader and former movie star Ronald Reagan running as a Republican for the Governorship against the incumbent Helen G. Douglas and Edmund "Pat" Brown. Reagan would run on a more reform campaign and smaller government and a strong conservative base would all help him in the election but he would loose the Governorship by 8% to the incumbents.

Helen G. Douglas/Edmund "Pat" Brown: 54% Popular Vote
Ronald Reagan/George Christopher: 46% Popular Vote


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on August 27, 2008, 08:32:15 PM
America continued it's Space Race and would mourn the tragedy on the Apollo 1 as three Astronauts Gus Grissom, Edward H. White and Roger Chaffee are killed by a fire in the spacecraft during a lauch pad test, President Warren addresses this and "People of America there are hurtles that must be overcome and this is one of them, these poor men gave there lives but not in vain and we must continue to push towards the Moon...".

The Outer Space Treaty would be signed by the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union begrudgingly of course after it's many failures in there space race against the US. This Outer Space Treaty would implace that any nation could not implace nuclear weapons or any other weapons of mass destruction in orbit around the Earth, on the surface of the Moon and on or around any other celestial bodies in space. President Warren and Vice President Rockefeller would say to the American people that "Now space has been set aside to a peaceful existence between the superpowers...".

The New America Program started by President Earl Warren would continue to push through "renovations" of the nation as Senator Ralph Yarborough(D-TX) who had backed several of the renovating bills into law and would push for the Bilingual Education Act at which was to help mainly Spanish speaking citizens and new immigrants to the US and President Warren would support it saying that "It is a good cause since America is the blending pot of people...".

The growing counter culture called Hippies would spring up after starting out small and soon spread from there home state of sorts California and spread to places like NY, New England and other major populated areas. These actions would catch the eye of Richard Nixon, a radio speaker in his home state of California and was called "Tricky Dick the Red Hater" after being defeated on numerous occasions in politics had taken a strong line on the Hippie craze and that the "movement will spread ever more red over the land and liberalism that the nation has endured for nearly twenty years..".

Greece would be taken over by a military dictatorship as George Papadopoulos would take the positions of Prime Minister, Regent and President over Greece and move to a censorship and ruthless government as they said it was the "Only was to stop the spread of Communism..". President Warren would say that he would not recognize the new junta in Greece and send it into a isolationism even though the new government had already settled for that before Warren had condemned them.

The Six Day War would occur with Israel taking on Egypt, Jordan, and Syria while several other Middle East nations would send help to the aggressors against Israel. The Israeli army would pull out stunning victories one after the other against there enemies as Britain and the US would say they would not get involve even with there support of Israel. The US would suffer an attack with the USS Liberty being attacked by mistake by Israeli forces in a chain of events and Israel would apologize for this. In the end Israel would grow to gain the  Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights.


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on August 27, 2008, 09:18:05 PM
In Cuba, Representative Fidel Castro would put what would be called the Translation Law or the Castro Bill and would have a massive translation of books to give the people of Cuba as much of a chance as America. Many of the Cuban officials see Castro as a rising star and a possible canidate for the Cuban Presidency in the future. Vice President Nelson Rockefeller would make a trip to the island nation and meet with Representative Fidel Castro on his many attempts and victories with his reformist laws.

The United States enters another primary season as peace leaders who favor ending the war in the former Dominican Republic like George McGovern(D-SD) and Eugene McCarthy(D-OR) announce there candidacy but after only several months into campaigning, McGovern's campaigns falls apart and he would endorse Governor John Kennedy(D-MA) for the nomination. Hubert Humphrey, Lyndon Johnson, Stephen Young and George Wallace would soon follow and declare there candidacy for the Democratic nomination in 1968.

New Hampshire
1st - Eugene McCarthy - 43%
2nd - John Kennedy - 40%
3rd - George Wallace - 7%
4th - Hubert Humphrey - 6%
5th - Lyndon Johnson - 2%
Other - 2%

Wisconsin
1st - John Kennedy - 44%
2nd - Eugene McCarthy 35%
3rd - George Wallace - 10%
4th - Hubert Humphrey - 7%
Other - 4%

Pennsylvania
1st - John Kennedy - 55%
2nd - Eugene McCarthy - 32%
3rd - Hubert Humphrey - 6%
4th - George Wallace - 4%
Other - 3%

Massachusetts
1st - John Kennedy - 68%
2nd - Eugene McCarthy - 21%
3rd - George Wallace - 6%
4th - Lyndon Johnson - 3%
Other - 2%

Indiana
1st - John Kennedy - 49%
2nd - Roger Branigin - 32%
3rd - Eugene McCarthy - 19%

D.C.
1st - John Kennedy - 88%
2nd - George Wallace - 11%
3rd - Hubert Humphrey - 1%

Nebraska
1st - John Kennedy - 53%
2nd - Eugene McCarthy - 28%
3rd - Lyndon Johnson - 10%
4th - George Wallace - 5%
Other - 4%

Oregon
1st - Eugene McCarthy - 41%
2nd - John Kennedy - 39%
3rd - Lyndon Johnson - 8%
4th - George Wallace - 4%
5th - Hubert Humphrey - 3%
Other - 5%

South Dakota
1st - John Kennedy - 59%
2nd - Lyndon Johnson - 26%
3rd - Eugene McCarthy - 15%

New Jersey
1st - John Kennedy - 40%
2nd - Eugene McCarthy - 32%
3rd - George Wallace - 15%
4th - Hubert Humphrey - 5%
5th - Lyndon Johnson - 4%
Other - 4%

California - Eugene McCarthy was shot by a Palestinian nationalist at his victory celebration and he would be crippled after this but wouldn't drop out.
1st - Eugene McCarthy - 48%
2nd - John Kennedy - 46%
3rd - George Wallace - 6%


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on August 28, 2008, 02:13:37 PM
1968 Democratic Convention
The nomination was all but locked up for John Kennedy as his major opponents Eugene McCarthy and George Wallace would continue to hope that they would be nominated. The party bosses were discouraged by the major frontrunners and that all of them would or have already had blows with the blue collar Democrats in the South but Governor John Kennedy would say that he "would deal" and Kennedy tried to take a more moderate approach and said that he would pick a southern for his Vice Presidential spot, this did give some hope to the party bosses that the Democratic Party would be united this election year and Kennedy won the nomination on the first ballot and chose surprisingly Harry F. Byrd Jr. for the VP spot and much of the Democratic Party would grudgingly support the ticket.

1968 Republican Convention
Vice President Nelson Rockefeller beat out smaller candidates like Barry Goldwater, Frank Carlson, Hiram Fong and James Rhodes and would decide to choose Michigan Governor George Romney as the VP slot saying that "this election will not be won by the south but by the Midwest..".

1968 American Independent Convention
The California based political party would nominate Richard Nixon as there candidate for President and Nixon would run on a hard line against Communism and after some debate would complement this by choosing former Agriculture Secretary Ezra Benson for VP. Some of the disgruntled southern Democrats would support the Nixon/Benson ticket for the 1968 election.

1968 Peace Convention
The young anti Dominican War party would nominate Martin Luther King Jr. and Benjamin Spock for there candidates and would also gain the support from Eugene McCarthy and his "Be Clean for Gene" support from the youths.


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on August 28, 2008, 08:21:52 PM
The Presidential Election of 1968
The campaign would be fierce as Kennedy would bring up the whole infidelity charges about Rockefeller divorcing his original wife and marrying a younger women and also used the rumors of that Rockefeller and Happy Murphy had had been cheating on there spouses. George Wallace had said that he new about this during 1964 but didn't use this to damage the Warren/Rockefeller ticket and ran a clean campaign and of course lost and Wallace would say that Kennedy is trying to paint himself as a different Democrat but is running the same campaign and could come back to hurt him. The Nixon/Benson ticket would campaign and say that Warren and the Republicans weren't going far enough to fight Communism and protecting America as the King/Spock ticket would campaign that "America should bring it's boys home before the Dominican War boils over into a bloody insurgent warfare...". John Kennedy would try and input his "Northern Plan" and would campaign in New England for a time and CT, MA and RI would solidly be in the Democrat corner but the upper half would be Republican and would use the scandal about Rockefeller to make people sway towards him in the West and the Midwest and would begin to work with the Democrat leaning state of Montana and soon November appeared and the presidency was now up in the air.

()
John Kennedy/Harry Byrd Jr: 277 EV 45.8% PV
Nelson Rockefeller/George Romney: 261 EV 44.6% PV
Other (American Independent, Peace, Socialist Labor): 0 EV 9.6% PV

The 1968 Congressional Elections

House Results:
Republican: 229 (-6)
Democrats: 205 (+6)
Independents: 1 (-)

Senate Results:
Democrats: 52 (+5)
Republican: 48 (-5)


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on August 29, 2008, 08:26:43 PM
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The First Term of John Kennedy (1969-1973)

"This will be a new path for America, not one that is just labled like New America, New Deal but this one will be real, this will be a New Journey for America...". John Kennedy would take the oath of office on January 20th, 1969 at the age of 52 and would lay out a Democratic Party oriented presidency after the Republicans had held the highest office in the land from 1949 to now 1969 and Kennedy's "New Journey" for America was about to begin but with his hopes that the Democrats would have had a turn around in both the House and Senate didn't come to fruition as the Senate went Democratic but the Republicans held a 20+ seats over the Democrats in the House. Kennedy's Inaugural Address would lay out his plans for America and would say that the war in the former Dominican Republic would be won with peace and honor and hoped that the war would be over by the end of his first term.

The Soviets couldn't keep up with the United States in the space race and surprisingly had turned there attention to Venus with the Venera 5 and the Venera 6 would continue the Soviets survey of Venus and the Soyuz 5 would continue to have some Soviets pleased but now the Space Race is near it's end and America is dominating.

After a search, Sirhan Sirhan would admit that he tried to kill the former presidential candidate Eugene McCarthy at his California victory rally and Sirhan would be tried and sentenced to 40 years in jail. President Kennedy would say that "Even though Mr. McCarthy was an opponent of mine and I am please that the McCarthy family will have justice finally for the damage to them".

The Apollo mission continues it's march towards the Moon as Apollo 9 which tested the lunar module and soon the Apollo 10 is prepared to have a full dress rehearsal for the moon landing. President Kennedy would give a few words "Good job boys.." in a courteous remark in one of his addresses over the Space Race.

After a short time as Solicitor General, Thurgood Marshall was appointed to fill the new vacany made by the death of Thomas Dewey who died of a sudden heart attack and would be apart of Kennedy's support for African Americans and Kennedy would say that "We are making history". Many saw this as meer publicity to beef up Kennedy's "New Journey" plan and Marshall was seen as inexperienced by his appointment so early into being Solicitor General.

What would become known as the Stonewall Riots in New York City between the New York police raids against gay bars and meetings of gay rights activists. This would set in motion when gay right activists in New York would assemble and hold rallies and protest and many people on both sides were weary and worried about what could happen. When a police raid on a gay bar would come to a riot when a crowd would surround the police at the gay bar and begin to riot against the New York Police and this would begin a movement and a starting point for Gay rights.

The Apollo mission cultivates into the Apollo 11 taking off on July 4th and heading towards the Moon. July 11th would be the day that Apollo 11 would land on the Moon's surface and would land as President's Warren Rederic that the crew of the first people on the surface of the Moon would be "one of diversity" would not come to pass as Kennedy steered it to more experienced ones and other possibles were knocked off and Armstrong, Collins and Aldrin would still be kept on the roster for the Moon landing. "One Small step for man, one giant leap for mankind" would be echoed by Neil Armstrong as he took the first steps on the moon. The Apollo mission that had had roots from President Harold Stassen and Earl Warren was now complete under President John F. Kennedy and this would be the shining day for America.


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on August 30, 2008, 02:57:26 PM
After the Moon landing and so much time and hope had now been proven that it could happen and with this America was "preoccupied" by this and the full attention came upon the war in the former Dominican Republic and as the Democrats were held in high favor because of the moon landing and now using this "New Journey" to try and continue there gains in the House and Senate in the late months of the year 1970.

The Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act is a United States federal law, passed in 1970, designed to limit the practice of smoking. It required a stronger health warning on cigarette packages, saying "Warning: The Surgeon General Has Determined that Cigarette Smoking Is Dangerous to Your Health". The act also banned cigarette advertisements on American radio and television. This would be that this "Would guarantee and healthy American future for our families..".

Apollo 13, the third lunar landing mission, is successfully launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, carrying astronauts James A. Lovell, John L. Swigert, and Fred W. Haise. The spacecraft's destination was the Fra Mauro highlands of the moon, where the astronauts were to explore the Imbrium Basin and conduct geological experiments. April 13 - Oxygen tank No. 2 had blown up, disabling the normal supply of oxygen, electricity, light, and water. Lovell reported to mission control: "Houston, we've had a problem here," and the crew scrambled to find out what had happened. Several minutes later, Lovell looked out of the left-hand window and saw that the spacecraft was venting a gas, which turned out to be the Command Module's (CM) oxygen. The landing mission was aborted; new mission objective became to get the Apollo 13 crew home alive.

The Oregon vs Kennedy case would revolve around the issue of the age of voting in states.  Plaintiff "Oregon" was the U.S. state of that name. Defendant "Kennedy" was Robert Kennedy in his role as United States Attorney General. Congress had passed an act requiring all states to register citizens between the ages of 18 and 21 as voters. Oregon did not desire to lower its voting age to 18, and filed suit on the grounds that the act was unconstitutional. The Supreme Court found largely for Oregon, in that it found that while Congress could set requirements for voting in federal elections that it did not have the power to set the voting age for state elections. This would be quieted after which President Kennedy passed a amendment to the Constitution that made 18 the voting age for all of the states.

U.S. Senate rejects the McGovern-Hatfield amendment by a vote of 58-36. This legislation, proposed by Senators George McGovern of South Dakota and Mark Hatfield of Oregon, would have set a deadline of January 1, 1972, for complete withdrawal of American troops from the Former Dominican Republic. The Senate would beat it down as well as many Republicans and Democrats would go against this, including President Kennedy saying "that America can not have a deadline of sorts for the war in the former Dominican Republic and much can change in the time allotted...".

President John F. Kennedy signs a bill giving the District of Columbia representation in the U.S. Congress, with this Kennedy's approval ratings would continue it's slow rise and of course he would be liked in D.C. because of this.

In a televised speech, President John Kennedy announces a four-point proposal to end the war, based on the many cease-fire plans tried to pass in the US Congress. He proposed eventual withdrawal of U.S. forces, unconditional release of prisoners of war, and political solutions reflecting the will of the Dominican people. Though the plan would have some favor it wouldn't have a "deadline" and some anti war supporters called it "to vague" as others said it was a step to defeating the new governing leadership in the North Dominican People's Republic and ending the Dominican War in the hopeful future.

To show himself as a good President, John Kennedy would go on a tour of Europe. Ranging from the Eastern European nations to the American allied nations of Britain and France as Vice President Harry Byrd Jr would campaign for candidates in the upcoming 1970 Congressional Elections.

The 1970 Congressional Elections
The Peace party would put forth a slate of candidates after the "Failures of the Kennedy Administration about the Dominican War" and there shining leader Martin Luther King Jr. would run for the 9th congressional district against Dan Kuykendall(R-TN) and would have a suprising competitive campaign as many supporters from the Democrats candidate would then support the "King for Congress" and he would be barely elected over Kuykendall. The Democrats would have a growing support from the Senate and would gain several seats but because of the Peace party in play and there major campaign for House seats the Democrats would actually loose seats because of the Peace party and hand them over to the Republicans. George McGovern, a strong Anti - War Senator would be reelected as the Peace party would support him.

House Results:
Republican: 235 (+6)
Democrats: 199 (-6)
Independent: 0 (-1)
Peace: 1 (+1)

Senate Results:
Democrats: 56 (+4)
Republican: 44 (-4)


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on August 30, 2008, 03:40:25 PM
In a suprise on January 18th, 1971 Senator George S. McGovern (D-SD) begins an antiwar campaign for the 1972 Democratic presidential nomination by vowing to bring home all U.S. soldiers from Vietnam if he is nominated over the incumbent John F. Kennedy. The McGovern campaign attracts many young people support but polling between McGovern and Kennedy show George McGovern far behind Kennedy for the nomination and other polls show him losing to the Republican candidate in a general election match up.

Apollo 14, piloted by astronauts Alan B. Shepard Jr., Edgar D. Mitchell, and Stuart A. Roosa, is successfully launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on a manned mission to the moon. After suffering some initial problems in docking the lunar and command modules, Shepard and Mitchell descended to the lunar surface on the third U.S. moon landing; Shepard and Mitchell remained on the lunar surface for nearly 34 hours, conducting simple scientific experiments, such as hitting golf balls into space with Shepard's golf club, and collecting 96 pounds of lunar samples. Apollo 14 safely returned to Earth.

President Kennedy would make a public appearance at Parliament Hall in Ottawa, Canada and would try and carry out the tight relationship that former President Harold Stassen had made with Canada during his tenure as President. Security was moderate as Canadian officials had informed the secret service about Quebecois nationalists in the area and also with the handful of anti Dominican War. President Kennedy would have the window down as he waved to the Canadian people and all this would quickly end as a gunman opened fire on the limousine and they would speed off as Kennedy was only grazed at best as the secret serviceman sitting in the front was hit terribly. The results came that Kennedy would live, the assassin Arthur Bremer would be beaten to death by the crowd before the police could stop them and the secret serviceman would die on the operating table. All this would circulate many rumours who Bremer was and could he have been working for someone but since the would be assassin was dead, Congress would form the Joint Committee on the Assassination Attempt on the President (JCAAP).

U.S. table tennis team begins a weeklong visit to the People's Republic of China (PRC) at the invitation of China's communist government. The well-publicized trip was part of the PRC's attempt to build closer diplomatic relations with the United States, and was the beginning of what some pundits in the United States referred to as "ping-pong diplomacy." Chinese table tennis team also toured America, causing a short-lived craze for table tennis. Soon after President Kennedy begin to stop the blockades of China put in place by Earl Warren and begin to open trade with the People's Republic. A uneasy relationship was formed as the US had ties to Taiwan and now China.

President John F. Kennedy nominates Lewis F. Powell and United States Attorney Ramsey Clark to the U.S. Supreme Court.

President John Kennedy signed a bill authorizing $5.5 million in funding to develop a space shuttle. Represented a giant leap forward in the technology of space travel; designed to function more like a cost-efficient "reusable" airplane than a one-use-only rocket-launched capsules; afforded NASA pilots and scientists more time in space with which to conduct space-related research.


Title: Re: 1948 - An Alternate Presidency
Post by: Historia Crux on August 30, 2008, 08:31:27 PM
The Republican Primaries of 1972
After the Rockefeller/Romney defeat in 1968, the decline of some of the power from the New Deal/New America Republicans soon began as the Conservative branch under Barry Goldwater began to try and claw it's way to dominance as Rockefeller's running mate George Romney would say that would be running for the nomination and soon was followed by liberal Representative Pete McCloskey as an anti war candidate, Pennsylvania Governor Raymond Shafer, Former Transportation Secretary John Volpe would throw themselves into the mix.

New Hampshire
1st - George Romney - 44%
2nd - John Volpe - 35%
3rd - Pete McCloskey - 12%
4th - Raymond Shafer - 6%
5th - Barry Goldwater - 3%

Florida
1st - Barry Goldwater - 56%
2nd - George Romney - 23%
3rd - Raymond Shafer - 9%
4th - John Volpe - 7%
5th - Pete McCloskey - 2%
Other - 3%

Illinois
1st - George Romney - 51%
2nd - Barry Goldwater - 39%
3rd - Raymond Shafer - 6%
Other - 4%

Wisconsin
1st - George Romney - 60%
2nd - Barry Goldwater - 32%
3rd - Raymond Shafer - 4%
Other - 4%

Massachusetts
1st - John Volpe - 42%
2nd - George Romney - 31%
3rd - Barry Goldwater - 15%
4th - Pete McCloskey - 8%
Other - 4%

Tennessee
1st - Barry Goldwater - 52%
2nd - George Romney - 40%
Other - 8%

Nebraska
1st - George Romney - 53%
2nd - Barry Goldwater - 45%
Other - 5%

Maryland
1st - Barry Goldwater - 48%
2nd - George Romney - 42%
3rd - Pete McCloskey - 6%
Other - 4%

Rhode Island
1st - George Romney - 55%
2nd - Barry Goldwater - 44%
3rd - Pete McCloskey - 5%
Other - 8%

Oregon
1st - George Romney - 58%
2nd - Barry Goldwater - 32%
3rd - Pete McCloskey - 8%
Other - 2%

California
1st - George Romney - 49%
2nd - Barry Goldwater - 41%
3rd - Pete McCloskey - 5%
Other - 5%

The Democratic Primaries of 1972
With only a handful of candidates running against incumbent President Kennedy and Kennedy's victory was a shoe in as George McGovern or any of the other minor candidates could win over him.

Iowa
1st - John Kennedy - 79%
2nd - George McGovern - 19%
Other - 2%

New Hampshire
1st - John Kennedy - 57%
2nd - George McGovern - 38%
Other - 5%

Florida
1st - John Kennedy - 91%
2nd - George McGovern - 6%
Other - 3%

Illinois
1st - John Kennedy - 93%
2nd - George McGovern - 5%
Other - 2%

Wisconsin
1st - John Kennedy - 73%
2nd - George McGovern - 23%
Other - 4%

Pennsylvania
1st - John Kennedy - 87%
2nd - George McGovern - 11%
Other - 2%

Massachusetts
1st - John Kennedy - 68%
2nd - George McGovern - 28%
Other - 4%

Ohio - After this, McGovern drops out of the Democratic race
1st - John Kennedy - 82%
2nd - George McGovern - 15%
Other - 3%